To ensure the balance between development and conservation, government at national and local levels, businesses and local population must develop and implement suitable tools including policies, guidelines and plans. The development of these tools must be participatory for all stakeholders to own and use them efficiently. The value of PAs must be ascertained and incorporated into these tools in order to make wise trade-offs between conservation and development.
In alignment with national EIA regulations, and IFC performance standards on sustainability and the biodiversity conservation, Ambatovy and Qit Madagascar Mining have combined environmental and social impact assessments, a mitigation hierarchy and adaptive management to achieve “no net loss,” and preferably a net gain, for biodiversity.The mitigation hierarchy includes the processes of avoidance, minimization and restoration, with offsetting, to compensate for residual impacts.
Coastal communities in southwest Madagascar depend on marine resources for income and food. Community-based aquaculture is showing promise as a way to diversify livelihoods for this region. A partnership developed in 2009 between conservation NGOs and a private sector seafood export company led to the creation of a mariculture project focusing on sea cucumbers (sandfish: Holothuria scabra) and red seaweed (cottonii: Kappaphycus alvarezii).
Date: Monday 6th October 2014
Time: 13:15 - 14:45
Venue: Hall D, Room 3 - African Group, G77 and China Meeting Room
Anja Miray Association was established in 1999 in response to the degradation and clearing of local forests, the sedimentation of water resources, and the loss of wildlife such as ring-tailed lemurs, chameleons and tropical birds. The Association operates a 30-hectare community forest reserve in the Haute Matsiatra region of Madagascar.
In response to declining local octopus populations, community leaders in the coastal village of Andavadoaka sought to regulate harvesting practices. With guidance from Blue Ventures, a UK-based NGO, the village authorities created a trial ‘no-take zone’ in 2004 where octopus hunting was banned for a period of seven months. Enforcement was rooted in the tradition of Dina, or local codes of conduct, which are common throughout Madagascar.
The Association of Manambolo Natives (Fikambanan’ny Terak’i Manambolo - FITEMA) has used the reintroduction of an indigenous land use system to help conserve forests and wetlands in the 7,500-hectare Manambolo Valley – a forest corridor which joins the Andringitra and Ranomafana National Parks – while improving food security for local communities.
Adidy Maitso Association was established in 2005 with the aim of conserving the natural resources of Didy Forest – a dense moist forest of medium altitude in the Alaotra Mangoro region of eastern Madagascar. The forest lies within the Ankeniheny-Zahamena Corridor, which is renowned for its high species endemism and unique biodiversity.