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Mainstreaming Gender In National Biodiversity Strategy Of Mexico And Action Plan 2016-2030

Description: 

The CBD Secretariat, in coordination with the Global Gender Office (OGG) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and with support from the Japan Fund for Biodiversity, promoted the "Capacity Building initiative to integrate gender in the National Strategies and Biodiversity Action Plans ". In its initial phase, three pilot countries were selected, including Mexico. The Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT), the National Commission for the Knowledge and Use of Biodiversity (CONABIO), the National Institute for Women (INMUJERES) and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), joined efforts to conduct a workshop for Mainstreaming gender in the National Biodiversity Strategy of Mexico (ENBioMex) and its Action Plan 2016-2030. The workshop was attended by over 60 people, mostly women from several institutions and national and international organizations. As a result, the ENBioMex and its Action Plan 2016-2030 fully integrates CBD mandates regarding gender equality, becoming the first National Biodiversity Strategy to integrate a gender perspective.

Problem, challenge or context: 

In the last two decades, the recognition of gender equality and empowerment of women has become a crosscutting issue in most multilateral environmental agreements. For example, the Rio Conventions establish mandates and agreements to integrate gender equality and women's rights. In this sense, the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) stands out as a strong advocate for gender equality and women's empowerment, which is demonstrated by about 60 decisions adopted by Parties in this regard. The CBD Secretariat, in coordination with the Global Gender Office (OGG) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and with the support of the Japan Fund for Biodiversity, promoted the "Capacity Building initiative to integrate gender in the National Strategies and Biodiversity Action Plans ". In its initial phase, three pilot countries were selected, including Mexico. The OGG-IUCN contributed with technical and methodological support to this task through participatory planning methodologies.

Specific elements of components: 

Although the legal framework in Mexico has acknowledged the leading role of women as active players in society, recognizing their rights and obligations and equity between women and men; in practice it remains a topic with many difficult aspects to address. The close relationship between biodiversity and women as primary users of natural resources is undoubtful, as well as their role as protectors through good practices that have allowed for the sustainable use of biodiversity for a long time. For this reason, and within the framework of the "Capacity Building initiative to integrate gender in the National Strategies and Biodiversity Action Plans", Mexico accepted the challenge, and included the central role of women as active decision-makers and providers of knowledge and good practices for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.

The action taken: The Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT), the National Commission for the Knowledge and Use of Biodiversity (CONABIO), the National Institute for Women (INMUJERES) and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), joined efforts to conduct a workshop for Mainstreaming gender in the National Biodiversity Strategy of Mexico (ENBioMex) and its Action Plan 2016-2030 ". Over 60 people attended the workshop, mostly women of several institutions and national and international organizations.

The objectives of this workshop were to:

  • Provide insight on what is the National Biodiversity Strategy of Mexico and its Plan of Action (ENBioMex) 2016-2030.
  • Understand the links between gender and biodiversity.
  • Learn about the international and national legal frameworks and their implications for promoting gender equality in biodiversity debates.
  • Propose actions to promote gender equality in the ENBioMex 2016-2030.

The steps followed were:

  1. Situation analysis: Analysis of the Mexican legal and policy framework on gender and biodiversity; Mapping key players; Selection of participants.
  2. Establish a common knowledge: Training on gender, biodiversity, the legal framework, and the current situation in Mexico; Establishing priorities regarding gender and biodiversity
  3. Capture diverse voice: Development of Proposals to ENBioMex; Systematization of information
  4. Set priorities and take action: Validation process; Public consultation
Key lessons learned: 

Thanks to the ability to convene this workshop, it was possible to engage specialized players in the field, achieving a necessary institutional commitment for a successful implementation of the actions and the specifications of the ENBioMex that have incorporated the gender perspective.

Impacts and outcomes: 

During the workshop, the participants identified and recognized that there are gender differences in the use of biodiversity. For that reason, the gender perspective was included in 19 action lines and 50 actions in the 6 strategic axes of the ENBioMex. It is important to note that the gender perspective was included in the specifications of the actions, except in six actions where gender perspective was directly added.

In this regard, specifications generally emphasize the inclusion of women:

  • As providers and users of scientific and traditional knowledge, which must be recognized and used;
  • As an active part in the planning and implementation of projects focused on conservation and restoration of ecosystems;
  • As managers of biodiversity and performers of sustainable practices that should be encouraged and replicated;
  • As agents of change to counter environmental degradation, incorporating monitoring and control of pollutants;
  • Recognizing their role in market mechanisms aimed at fair and sustainable use of resources;
  • Recognizing the key role played by women in generating changes in environmental education and culture;
  • In their effective participation in the generation of environmental initiatives as well as social participation bodies, both existing and newly created.

It should also be noted that the ENBioMex identified among its principles the equal rights, opportunities and conditions between men and women for decision-making, and inclusion and non-discrimination to avoid any distinction, exclusion or restriction that has the purpose of nullifying the recognition of their rights and equal opportunities. The main socio-economic impact is the empowerment of women in issues related to biodiversity, promoting their active participation in the implementation of the ENBioMex.

Contact details: 
acruz@conabio.gob.mx
Region: 
Country: 
Language: 
Spanish
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