Namibia is recognized as a global leader in conservation and nature-based rural development. Its State-run Community-Based Natural Resource Management Program (CBNRM) is a successful example of decentralizing natural resource management and recognizing the rights and development needs of local communities.
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In the Colombian Amazon, indigenous groups, women's organizations, the Sinchi Amazon Institute of Scientific Research, and the Ministry of Environment, implement Chagra’s Fairs (local name given to Agrobiodiversity Fairs) to empower initiatives based on principles of solidarity economy and traditional knowledge as an alternative to extractive economies that have historically operated in the region.
The UNDP supported GEF financed project “Strengthening the Protected Area Network” (SPAN; from 2005-2012) used a number of strategies to secure sustainable financing for Namibia’s protected areas (PAs). The project undertook and successfully used a comprehensive economic analysis of the PA system to make the business case for increased investment in PAs. In addition it developed a concession management system compatible with the Government of the Republic of Namibia’s conservation and development objectives, significantly increasing the budget available for park management.
El Parque Nacional Natural Cahuinarí creado en 1987, se encuentra ubicado al suroriente de la Amazonía colombiana e encuentra en condición de traslape del 100% con el Resguardo Predio Putumayo, territorio ancestral del pueblo indígena Bora-Miraña, representadas por la Asociación PANI y lo que lo convierte en un parque pionero en el desarrollo de estrategias de conservación concertadas con las comunidades locales.
The ongoing UNDP supported, GEF financed project “Namibia Protected Landscape Conservation Areas Initiative (NAM-PLACE)” establishes partnerships between national parks and private landholders, communal conservancies, and forests adjacent to the parks in an innovative approach to landscape-level habitat protection. These partnerships allow for the removal of fences, which increases territory accessible by wildlife and decreases pressure on the park habitats.
Financial mechanisms allow private sector to participate in conservation of biodiversity through corporate responsibility programs and corporate image positioning and complementing the financial sustainability for Protected Areas Systems. Private sector shows an interest in contributing to the development of programs of corporate social responsibility that focus either on social or environmental fields. However, there is still a need for coordination with the National Authorities for Protected Areas.
Alternative production systems such as pastures with trees, live fences, agroforestry and silvopastoral systems represent a significant potential as a strategy to mitigate the environmental impact of cattle ranching, to improve productivity, promote product diversification on farms, conservation biodiversity and contribute to adaptation and mitigation of climate change.
La obtención de recursos económicos para lograr cerrar la brecha financiera en las áreas protegidas de Colombia es un reto que afecta en gran medida su gobernabilidad más aún cuando se trata de abordar el uso, la ocupación y la tenencia de la tierra al interior de las mismas. Con esta problemática la Dirección Territorial Andes Nororientales de Parques Nacionales Naturales de Colombia, negoció por primera vez para el país, que el valor de la inversión en conservación exigido a empresas sujetas a licenciamiento ambiental, fuera invertido en los Parques Nacionales de la territorial.
Nature tourism, as an alternative for the development of rural communities of the area of influence of Chingaza National Park (NP), is a conservation tool. It can help to address deforestation pressures on the paramo ecosystem, as a result of extensive livestock and expansion of the agricultural frontier, as well as manage and conserve private lands in the buffer zone through cooperative work agreements, conservation pacts, and training.
The biodiversity assets of Southern Africa are globally recognized as exceptional. The protection of these unique landscapes, and their associated flora and fauna, is a high priority on the political and sustainability agenda. The Diamond Route project demonstrates that, regardless of the industry, businesses need not impose a limit on their efforts to contribute positively to the creation, expansion, conservation, management and restoration of Southern Africa's natural capital base.