Countries often face situations where biodiversity is not positioned on the national agenda and, in that scenario, developing financial mechanisms or mobilizing resources will be much more difficult than when biodiversity is in the mainstream of the country. Safeguarding diverse ecosystems ensures invaluable services essential for sustainable development and improvements in human wellbeing.
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In the Colombian Amazon, indigenous groups, women's organizations, the Sinchi Amazon Institute of Scientific Research, and the Ministry of Environment, implement Chagra’s Fairs (local name given to Agrobiodiversity Fairs) to empower initiatives based on principles of solidarity economy and traditional knowledge as an alternative to extractive economies that have historically operated in the region.
In Cusco, Peru, although there have been initiatives in establishing protected areas (currently 11% of the territory is protected), many fragile ecosystems are yet to be protected. However, many conservation initiatives have been undertaken by players that are not aware of the efforts by other players in many cases undermining the whole cause of nature conservation by creating conflicts.
El Parque Nacional Natural Cahuinarí creado en 1987, se encuentra ubicado al suroriente de la Amazonía colombiana e encuentra en condición de traslape del 100% con el Resguardo Predio Putumayo, territorio ancestral del pueblo indígena Bora-Miraña, representadas por la Asociación PANI y lo que lo convierte en un parque pionero en el desarrollo de estrategias de conservación concertadas con las comunidades locales.
Researchers and practitioners have extensively discussed the potential of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) strategies to help or harm forest-based communities, but less attention has been paid to the gender dimensions of this conservation intervention. Safeguard policies aim to ensure that REDD+ does not harm women, but interventions that do not seek to address gender imbalances at the outset could end up perpetuating them.
Financial mechanisms allow private sector to participate in conservation of biodiversity through corporate responsibility programs and corporate image positioning and complementing the financial sustainability for Protected Areas Systems. Private sector shows an interest in contributing to the development of programs of corporate social responsibility that focus either on social or environmental fields. However, there is still a need for coordination with the National Authorities for Protected Areas.
Alternative production systems such as pastures with trees, live fences, agroforestry and silvopastoral systems represent a significant potential as a strategy to mitigate the environmental impact of cattle ranching, to improve productivity, promote product diversification on farms, conservation biodiversity and contribute to adaptation and mitigation of climate change.
La obtención de recursos económicos para lograr cerrar la brecha financiera en las áreas protegidas de Colombia es un reto que afecta en gran medida su gobernabilidad más aún cuando se trata de abordar el uso, la ocupación y la tenencia de la tierra al interior de las mismas. Con esta problemática la Dirección Territorial Andes Nororientales de Parques Nacionales Naturales de Colombia, negoció por primera vez para el país, que el valor de la inversión en conservación exigido a empresas sujetas a licenciamiento ambiental, fuera invertido en los Parques Nacionales de la territorial.
Nature tourism, as an alternative for the development of rural communities of the area of influence of Chingaza National Park (NP), is a conservation tool. It can help to address deforestation pressures on the paramo ecosystem, as a result of extensive livestock and expansion of the agricultural frontier, as well as manage and conserve private lands in the buffer zone through cooperative work agreements, conservation pacts, and training.
Protected areas, and the ecosystems and biodiversity within, provide many benefits for people. This includes protecting biodiversity’s intrinsic values, but also safeguarding the benefits people gain from them, such as the provision and regulation of water sources, and the climate benefits of stored carbon. Consequently, protected areas are now acknowledged as an important component of sustainable development. It is imperative to track and monitor networks of protected areas and their surroundings to ensure sustainable management of landscapes and seascapes.