Deforestation is a major driver of biodiversity loss in the Philippines. Between 1934 and 1990, the country lost 10.9 million hectares (ha) of forest cover.
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The systematic accounting of a country’s natural wealth and the goods and services the ecosystem offer, provides opportunities to generate information and better understand the natural environment’s contribution to the economy. This on the other hand offer support policies and decision in the pursuit of sustainable development taking into account environmental economic and socio-political dimensions.
During the “Urban National Parks in Emerging Countries” (UNPEC) research program, funded by the ANR (the french National Research Agency), the Urban Protected Areas Network have worked in partnership with the national parks and the cities in Rio, Cape Town, Mumbai, Nairobi. We have identified three main types of park’s dynamics:
While borne out of a highly participatory process involving national and local governments, civil society, academe, and the private sector, the implementation of PBSAP and especially the allocation of funds, depend on a clear policy formulation, sustained awareness raising, and integration in related planning process.
South Africa’s Cape Floral Region (CFR) is one of the world’s great centres of terrestrial biodiversity. It is home to nearly 20% of Africa’s flora, while covering less than 0.5% of the continent’s area. The wetlands in this sensitive area face particular threats, including from development and agriculture, as the region is also home to farms growing around 95% of South Africa’s wine. On-farm conservation measures are therefore vital to protect the outstanding diversity, density and endemism of the biodiversity of the CFR.
This entry describes an on-going study that aims to describe the migration paths of green sea turtles after they have nested in Selingan Island, part of the Turtle Island Heritage Protected Area (TIHPA) which is the first trans-boundary PA in South East Asia. To date, tagging methods is the main method used by marine turtle conservationists.
Due to the devastation of powerful typhoon Ketsana, known in the Philippines as Tropical Storm Ondoy, Philippine President Benigno S. Aquino III issued Proclamation 296, declaring the Upper Marikina River Basin Protected Landscape (UMRBPL) as a protected area (PA) under the National Integrated Protected Areas System (NIPAS), covering an area of 26,125.64 hectares (100.87 sq. miles).
The proclaimed PA is now undergoing rehabilitation where more than 10,000 hectares (24,710 acres) has been tree-planted
Ecological infrastructure refers to naturally functioning ecosystems that deliver valuable services to people. Ecological infrastructure is the nature-based equivalent of built infrastructure and is just as important for providing services and underpinning socio-economic development. It’s not only an under-realised asset for cities and their hinterlands, but also one whose potential could be relatively easily unlocked.
Table Mountain National Park (TMNP) dramatically improved its ability to link its priority conservation tasks with the sustainable development needs of Cape Town and its citizens, to the advantage of both the Park and the City’s citizens. This story illustrates the importance of a functioning governance system and a commitment to finding mutual interest between the goals of conservation and development.
The Makuleke Contractual Park is 26,500 hectares in size and lies at the northern extremity of the Kruger National Park (KNP), South Africa. It is bounded by the Limpopo River in the north, Luvuvhu River in the south and Mutale River in the west. The Limpopo River is also the boundary between South Africa and Zimbabwe, while the meeting point of the Limpopo and Luvuvhu Rivers is where South Africa, Zimbabwe and Mozambique meet. The Makuleke Contractual Park is a unique and special place.