Namibia is recognized as a global leader in conservation and nature-based rural development. Its State-run Community-Based Natural Resource Management Program (CBNRM) is a successful example of decentralizing natural resource management and recognizing the rights and development needs of local communities.
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Biodiversity makes a substantial and direct contribution to the Rwandan economy through eco-tourism. Rwanda’s eco-tourism industry is one of the fastest growing sectors of the economy, and has shown significant potential for future growth.
This best practice describes how transboundary collaboration can reduce ongoing conflicts and sustain fisheries management on the Akagera river located at the border of Rwanda (Akagera National Park) and Tanzania. It came from my experiences working on a fishery project in Akagera national Park in 2015, where illegal fishing by Tanzanian fishers was a big threat to the conservation of wildlife in ANP. But it was hard to alleviate because of the lack of collaboration and good management strategies of fisheries resources.
The UNDP supported GEF financed project “Strengthening the Protected Area Network” (SPAN; from 2005-2012) used a number of strategies to secure sustainable financing for Namibia’s protected areas (PAs). The project undertook and successfully used a comprehensive economic analysis of the PA system to make the business case for increased investment in PAs. In addition it developed a concession management system compatible with the Government of the Republic of Namibia’s conservation and development objectives, significantly increasing the budget available for park management.
The ongoing UNDP supported, GEF financed project “Namibia Protected Landscape Conservation Areas Initiative (NAM-PLACE)” establishes partnerships between national parks and private landholders, communal conservancies, and forests adjacent to the parks in an innovative approach to landscape-level habitat protection. These partnerships allow for the removal of fences, which increases territory accessible by wildlife and decreases pressure on the park habitats.
Nyungwe National Park is globally recognized for its conservation value as the largest protected mountain forest block remaining in east and central Africa. It is also a major catchment for the nation of Rwanda, providing most of its water for drinking, manufacturing), and hydro-electricity generation. WCS has been working with the Government of Rwanda to:
The biodiversity assets of Southern Africa are globally recognized as exceptional. The protection of these unique landscapes, and their associated flora and fauna, is a high priority on the political and sustainability agenda. The Diamond Route project demonstrates that, regardless of the industry, businesses need not impose a limit on their efforts to contribute positively to the creation, expansion, conservation, management and restoration of Southern Africa's natural capital base.