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The NBSAP Forum contains an extensive library of best practices related to developing and implementing NBSAPs. Our purpose is to enable countries to share and learn about effective, field-tested techniques and solutions. We work closely with our members to document the problem addressed, for whom, the primary actions, how they achieved results, and the solution they achieved. Search for or submit your best pratice here.

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    China Introduces Positive Incentive Measures for Biodiversity-friendly Outcomes

    This best practice highlights the positive incentive measures that the government of China has designed and is implementing to encourage the achievement of biodiversity-friendly outcomes. It also highlights the steps that the government is taking to eliminate perverse incentives and subsidies which are harmful to biodiversity.


    To achieve its national biodiversity target on promoting positive incentives, while eliminating negative incentive measures for biodiversity conservation, China has:


    Achieving China’s Sustainable Development Ambition: Compulsory Conservation Model of Mount Wu Yi Nature Reserve

    According to China’s Fifth National Report (5NR) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), China is on track to achieve its national biodiversity targets, and its international commitments contributing towards the achievement of Aichi Biodiversity Target (ABT) 11, on protected area system expansion and management. By the end of 2017, China had 2750 nature reserves, covering areas of 1.417 million km sq. and accounting for 14.86 per cent of the country’s land.


    The « Emerging Parks » Dynamics: When Parks And Cities Become Partners

    During the “Urban National Parks in Emerging Countries” (UNPEC) research program, funded by the ANR (the french National Research Agency), the Urban Protected Areas Network have worked in partnership with the national parks and the cities in Rio, Cape Town, Mumbai, Nairobi. We have identified three main types of park’s dynamics:

    Taking Action Against Invasive Alien Species In China: Introducing Prevention & Control Policy Tools

    China’s NBSAP and other national and regional programs and policies include action plans, implementation plans, targets, guidelines and decisions related to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. Numerous Chinese ministries and local governments have adopted and implemented a broad range of powerful policy instruments for biodiversity conservation and sustainable use. As a result, there is strengthened cooperation and increased biodiversity conservation and sustainable use among government agencies, universities and research institutes.

    Mainstreaming Biodiversity And Wetland Rehabilitation Into The South African Wine Industry

    South Africa’s Cape Floral Region (CFR) is one of the world’s great centres of terrestrial biodiversity. It is home to nearly 20% of Africa’s flora, while covering less than 0.5% of the continent’s area. The wetlands in this sensitive area face particular threats, including from development and agriculture, as the region is also home to farms growing around 95% of South Africa’s wine. On-farm conservation measures are therefore vital to protect the outstanding diversity, density and endemism of the biodiversity of the CFR.

    Making The Case: Ecological Infrastructure For Water Security In South Africa

    Ecological infrastructure refers to naturally functioning ecosystems that deliver valuable services to people. Ecological infrastructure is the nature-based equivalent of built infrastructure and is just as important for providing services and underpinning socio-economic development. It’s not only an under-realised asset for cities and their hinterlands, but also one whose potential could be relatively easily unlocked.

    Integrating The Table Mountain National Park Into The City Of Cape Town – Some Lessons From Experience

    Table Mountain National Park (TMNP) dramatically improved its ability to link its priority conservation tasks with the sustainable development needs of Cape Town and its citizens, to the advantage of both the Park and the City’s citizens. This story illustrates the importance of a functioning governance system and a commitment to finding mutual interest between the goals of conservation and development.

    Protected Area Concessions As Tools For Development. The Community Perspective = Makuleke Case Study

    The Makuleke Contractual Park is 26,500 hectares in size and lies at the northern extremity of the Kruger National Park (KNP), South Africa. It is bounded by the Limpopo River in the north, Luvuvhu River in the south and Mutale River in the west. The Limpopo River is also the boundary between South Africa and Zimbabwe, while the meeting point of the Limpopo and Luvuvhu Rivers is where South Africa, Zimbabwe and Mozambique meet. The Makuleke Contractual Park is a unique and special place.

    How To Sustain And Grow Tourism While Ensuring Equitable Access For Citizens

    Table Mountain National Park (TMNP) was established in 1998 when land and resources were transferred from the City of Cape Town to SANParks. It is one of the world's most biodiverse and dramatically beautiful urban national parks, set entirely within a metropolitan Cape Town. The primary solution ensuring equitable access was the requirement in the founding agreements that the TMNP would forever be an “Open Access” national park. This came about through citizens insisting that most of the park remain free to the public, with only four sections where entrance fees are paid (Swanepoel 2013).

    The Sustainability Benefits Of Conservation And Protected Area Establishment To A Corporate Industrial Organization: Exxaro's Manketti Game Reserve Case Study

    Many, if not most, extractive and industrial companies own portions of undisturbed or less disturbed landscapes which are not actively utilized for the company’s core business. By consolidating such areas, establishing their potential ecological contribution, initiating projects to improve the present ecological state and managing these lands as a protected area, such lands can contribute significantly to the sustainability profile of a company.