The Indigenous Tourism Network of Mexico (RITA) - Red Indígena De Turismo De México - (http://www.rita.com.mx/index.html) promotes indigenous community development by raising awareness about biodiversity using a collaborative and participatory approach. The Network mobilizes indigenous communities to overcome economic marginalization by developing sustainable ecotourism projects and natural resource based micro-enterprises.
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El Área de Protección de Flora y Fauna se encuentra ubicada en el municipio de Tenosique en el estado de Tabasco de la República Mexicana. Fue creada mediante decreto del Ejecutivo Federal el 22 de septiembre de 2008 y comprende una superficie de 46,128 hectáreas. Posee una riqueza física y biológica única lo que lo convierte en una zona con potencial desarrollo turístico. Además de contar con zonas de selva con mínima perturbación, los cuáles son el hábitat de innumerable cantidad de especies de flora y fauna.
In the Colombian Amazon, indigenous groups, women's organizations, the Sinchi Amazon Institute of Scientific Research, and the Ministry of Environment, implement Chagra’s Fairs (local name given to Agrobiodiversity Fairs) to empower initiatives based on principles of solidarity economy and traditional knowledge as an alternative to extractive economies that have historically operated in the region.
During the “Urban National Parks in Emerging Countries” (UNPEC) research program, funded by the ANR (the french National Research Agency), the Urban Protected Areas Network have worked in partnership with the national parks and the cities in Rio, Cape Town, Mumbai, Nairobi. We have identified three main types of park’s dynamics:
The CBD Secretariat, in coordination with the Global Gender Office (OGG) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and with support from the Japan Fund for Biodiversity, promoted the "Capacity Building initiative to integrate gender in the National Strategies and Biodiversity Action Plans ". In its initial phase, three pilot countries were selected, including Mexico.
Historically, Mexico’s natural resources have benefited all the population by bringing essential goods in the form of food, construction materials and traditional medicine among others. But in recent decades, a growing economic activity based on heavy extraction of such resources and a lack of coordination among public policies have caused an increased pressure over the country’s biodiversity.
South Africa’s Cape Floral Region (CFR) is one of the world’s great centres of terrestrial biodiversity. It is home to nearly 20% of Africa’s flora, while covering less than 0.5% of the continent’s area. The wetlands in this sensitive area face particular threats, including from development and agriculture, as the region is also home to farms growing around 95% of South Africa’s wine. On-farm conservation measures are therefore vital to protect the outstanding diversity, density and endemism of the biodiversity of the CFR.
Financing Protected Areas is a challenge all countries are facing. Governments are under constant pressure to deliver benefits for the people, enhance actions for poverty alleviation and promote development. Therefore, in order to increase resources for Protected Areas it is key to bring together conservation and development objectives as well as other international and national key issues. Protected Areas provide all types of ecosystem services that are directly linked to social and economic benefits for society.
Ecological infrastructure refers to naturally functioning ecosystems that deliver valuable services to people. Ecological infrastructure is the nature-based equivalent of built infrastructure and is just as important for providing services and underpinning socio-economic development. It’s not only an under-realised asset for cities and their hinterlands, but also one whose potential could be relatively easily unlocked.
Table Mountain National Park (TMNP) dramatically improved its ability to link its priority conservation tasks with the sustainable development needs of Cape Town and its citizens, to the advantage of both the Park and the City’s citizens. This story illustrates the importance of a functioning governance system and a commitment to finding mutual interest between the goals of conservation and development.