Many migratory birds begin their odyssey in the North American prairies, ending in the wintering sites of the Pampas grasslands. Also called the ‘Southern Cone’, these grasslands naturally extend across the entire territory of Uruguay, and parts of Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay. Despite being of global importance for biodiversity, around 60% of their area has been replaced with other land uses.
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Countries often face situations where biodiversity is not positioned on the national agenda and, in that scenario, developing financial mechanisms or mobilizing resources will be much more difficult than when biodiversity is in the mainstream of the country. Safeguarding diverse ecosystems ensures invaluable services essential for sustainable development and improvements in human wellbeing.
In the Colombian Amazon, indigenous groups, women's organizations, the Sinchi Amazon Institute of Scientific Research, and the Ministry of Environment, implement Chagra’s Fairs (local name given to Agrobiodiversity Fairs) to empower initiatives based on principles of solidarity economy and traditional knowledge as an alternative to extractive economies that have historically operated in the region.
Una estrategia basada en la sensibilización, la capacitación, la participación, formas alternativas de producción y diversificación, han permitido la puesta en marcha inicial del SNAP uruguayo aún sin contar con instrumentos de incentivo económico directo.
In Cusco, Peru, although there have been initiatives in establishing protected areas (currently 11% of the territory is protected), many fragile ecosystems are yet to be protected. However, many conservation initiatives have been undertaken by players that are not aware of the efforts by other players in many cases undermining the whole cause of nature conservation by creating conflicts.
The ongoing project “Inter-jurisdictional System of Coastal-Marine Protected Areas” (ISCMPA-Argentina) seeks to circumvent the barriers that prevent the establishment of a system of coastal–marine protected areas (ISCMPA) that envisages conservation of biodiversity as a whole for the entire coastal-marine ecosystem of Argentina.
Alternative production systems such as pastures with trees, live fences, agroforestry and silvopastoral systems represent a significant potential as a strategy to mitigate the environmental impact of cattle ranching, to improve productivity, promote product diversification on farms, conservation biodiversity and contribute to adaptation and mitigation of climate change.
The Conservation International (CI) - BHP Billiton Alliance supports the delivery of enduring benefits to biodiversity, ecosystems and other environmental resources around the world. In 2013 BHP Billiton – one of the world’s leading diversified resources companies – voluntarily committed to financing the conservation and continuing management of areas of high biodiversity and ecosystem value that are of national and international conservation significance.