Kachchh is an arid ecosystem with a wealth of biodiversity that has been declared Rare, Endangered and Threatened (RET). This region has historically been a meeting point for cultures, ecosystems, and geological formations, all of which have contributed to its rich biodiversity. This is the only arid ecosystem in the world that is accompanied by a marine mangrove ecosystem along its coast. The Gulf of Kachchh and its creeks and mangroves are the home to some of the rare marine biodiversity of the world, including Dolphin, Sea Cow/Dugong, Green Turtle, Olive Ridley Turtle, etc.
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The Nagoya Protocol contributes to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity by providing a platform for greater legal certainty and transparency for the providers and users of genetic resources. The Protocol supports the effective implementation of one of the Convention on Biological Diversity’s (CBD) three objectives, the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources (ABS).
Manas National Park and UNESCO World Heritage Site is located in Assam province of Northeast India and is world renowned for its outstanding natural beauty and presence of a rich biodiversity that includes several endemic, rare and threatened wild animal species that are found nowhere else in the world. The park also witnessed more than 15 years of armed conflict that led to massive destruction of the Park infrastructure and decimation of wildlife population in recent history.
Conservation of protected areas more than often invite conflicts particularly when resources for protected areas are also sources for livelihood. It becomes difficult for park officials to communicate conservation with local communities.
The Science Express project (http://www.sciencexpress.in), a unique science exhibition, is traveling across India to raise awareness about biodiversity, climate change and science. This 16-coach, air conditioned train is raising biodiversity awareness across India. Since the project’s inception in 2007, the train has traveled over 141,000 kilometers and received 15.6 million visitors. It is the largest, longest running and most visited science exhibition in India.
In the North-East Region (NER) of India, Green Hub trains local youth - rural and urban, to use digital media to tell stories about wildlife, the environment and indigenous knowledge. The project is an innovative, collaborative initiative of the North East Network (NEN) http://www.northeastnetwork.org/,and Dusty Foot Productions (DFP) http://www.dustyfootindia.com/.
The ‘solution’ addressed the issue of unsustainable extraction of park’s bio-resources by the local communities resulting in adverse park-people relations. Rather than preventing users to rely on bio-resources for their incomes, the ‘solution’ created alternative livelihood strategies and options that centered on the sustainable use practices and in doing so created a meaningful stake of local communities in managing the Park.
Protected Areas (Pas) of Nepal provide habitat for a range of species including tiger, rhino, snow leopard, red panda, musk deer, and many others. A gradual shift in the management strategy from strict protection and species focus into ecosystem and landscape approach has mainstreamed economic development. As of 2014, there are 10 national parks, three wildlife reserves, one hunting reserve, six conservation areas, and 12 twelve buffer zones which are a part of the PA system in Nepal.
Estimating the funding required for biodiversity conservation in general, and protected area management in particular, is a formidable challenge on account of multitude of interrelated issues and the wide range of stakeholders involved. The issue of ‘scale’ has an overriding significance. It is relatively simpler to estimate funding requirements for a single protected area, and much more complicated for estimating funding requirements for the entire protected area network.