During the “Urban National Parks in Emerging Countries” (UNPEC) research program, funded by the ANR (the french National Research Agency), the Urban Protected Areas Network have worked in partnership with the national parks and the cities in Rio, Cape Town, Mumbai, Nairobi. We have identified three main types of park’s dynamics:
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Manas National Park and UNESCO World Heritage Site is located in Assam province of Northeast India and is world renowned for its outstanding natural beauty and presence of a rich biodiversity that includes several endemic, rare and threatened wild animal species that are found nowhere else in the world. The park also witnessed more than 15 years of armed conflict that led to massive destruction of the Park infrastructure and decimation of wildlife population in recent history.
Conservation of protected areas more than often invite conflicts particularly when resources for protected areas are also sources for livelihood. It becomes difficult for park officials to communicate conservation with local communities.
This entry describes an on-going study that aims to describe the migration paths of green sea turtles after they have nested in Selingan Island, part of the Turtle Island Heritage Protected Area (TIHPA) which is the first trans-boundary PA in South East Asia. To date, tagging methods is the main method used by marine turtle conservationists.
The best practice is the contribution of protected areas to Gross National Happiness.
The ‘solution’ addressed the issue of unsustainable extraction of park’s bio-resources by the local communities resulting in adverse park-people relations. Rather than preventing users to rely on bio-resources for their incomes, the ‘solution’ created alternative livelihood strategies and options that centered on the sustainable use practices and in doing so created a meaningful stake of local communities in managing the Park.
Sanjay Gandhi National Park (SGNP) and other protected areas around it are vital lifelines and are crucial to safeguard Mumbai’s water security. But this is hardly known to the population of Mumbai. With the management of SGNP, we have launched an extensive, multi-faceted outreach campaign to increase public awareness and win public support for SGNP.
The East Asian – Australasian Flyway Partnership brings together 33 national government agencies, inter-governmental and non-governmental organisations to conserve migratory waterbirds and their habitats for biodiversity and people throughout the 22 countries of the Flyway. A major objective of EAAFP is to identify a critical network of sites (the Flyway Site Network) that, if conserved and effectively managed, can support the continued migration of all waterbird species and groups into the future.
EGREE Foundation(East Godavari River Estuarine Ecosystem Foundation), a cross-sectoral platform established by Government of Andhra Pradesh during December 2013 for the conservation of EGREE region encompassing Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary. One of the key outcomes of the UNDP supported GEF financed project ‘Mainstreaming Coastal and Marine Biodiversity Conservation into Production Sectors in the East Godavari River Estuarine Ecosystem, Andhra Pradesh’ (EGREE Project) is the establishment of a cross-sectoral platform that constitutes the EGREE Foundation.
Protected Areas (Pas) of Nepal provide habitat for a range of species including tiger, rhino, snow leopard, red panda, musk deer, and many others. A gradual shift in the management strategy from strict protection and species focus into ecosystem and landscape approach has mainstreamed economic development. As of 2014, there are 10 national parks, three wildlife reserves, one hunting reserve, six conservation areas, and 12 twelve buffer zones which are a part of the PA system in Nepal.