Namibia is recognized as a global leader in conservation and nature-based rural development. Its State-run Community-Based Natural Resource Management Program (CBNRM) is a successful example of decentralizing natural resource management and recognizing the rights and development needs of local communities.
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Many migratory birds begin their odyssey in the North American prairies, ending in the wintering sites of the Pampas grasslands. Also called the ‘Southern Cone’, these grasslands naturally extend across the entire territory of Uruguay, and parts of Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay. Despite being of global importance for biodiversity, around 60% of their area has been replaced with other land uses.
Systematic Conservation Planning (SCP) is developed in needs of objective and effective evaluation of where to direct conservation efforts, in last 30 years. It is developed trough contribution of many different scientists and conservation experts. There are thousands of publications on SCP and many different conservation prioritization exercises conducted by using SCP. However, adapting SCP procedure into local situation and maintaining stakeholder involvement is critical for mainstreaming SCP and carrying it into the national scale.
Countries often face situations where biodiversity is not positioned on the national agenda and, in that scenario, developing financial mechanisms or mobilizing resources will be much more difficult than when biodiversity is in the mainstream of the country. Safeguarding diverse ecosystems ensures invaluable services essential for sustainable development and improvements in human wellbeing.
In the Colombian Amazon, indigenous groups, women's organizations, the Sinchi Amazon Institute of Scientific Research, and the Ministry of Environment, implement Chagra’s Fairs (local name given to Agrobiodiversity Fairs) to empower initiatives based on principles of solidarity economy and traditional knowledge as an alternative to extractive economies that have historically operated in the region.
A la suite aux efforts conjugués de la Mauritanie et du Sénégal, le delta du fleuve Sénégal a été érigé par l’UNESCO le 27 juin 2005 en réserve de biosphère transfrontière (RBT), faisant suite à un long processus de collaboration entre les deux pays et un premier jumelage entre le Parc National des oiseaux du Djoudj au Sénégal et le Parc National du Diawling en Mauritanie (en mai 2000). Ce jumelage fut créé afin de renforcer le réseau Ramsar Est Atlantique et de travailler sur une problématique commune : les plantes envahissantes.
Una estrategia basada en la sensibilización, la capacitación, la participación, formas alternativas de producción y diversificación, han permitido la puesta en marcha inicial del SNAP uruguayo aún sin contar con instrumentos de incentivo económico directo.
During the “Urban National Parks in Emerging Countries” (UNPEC) research program, funded by the ANR (the french National Research Agency), the Urban Protected Areas Network have worked in partnership with the national parks and the cities in Rio, Cape Town, Mumbai, Nairobi. We have identified three main types of park’s dynamics:
Wetlands are key ecosystems, home for a variety of flora and fauna species and particularly important for the biodiversity they represent therefore, safeguarding, protecting and improving the biological diversity is crucial. The nature conservation best practice is focused at a wetland complex in Albania with the status of a National Park, aiming the conservation of the Dalmatian pelican as a flagship species for the park. The Dalmatian pelican is one of the most important bird species present in Albania all year long.
In Cusco, Peru, although there have been initiatives in establishing protected areas (currently 11% of the territory is protected), many fragile ecosystems are yet to be protected. However, many conservation initiatives have been undertaken by players that are not aware of the efforts by other players in many cases undermining the whole cause of nature conservation by creating conflicts.