A la suite aux efforts conjugués de la Mauritanie et du Sénégal, le delta du fleuve Sénégal a été érigé par l’UNESCO le 27 juin 2005 en réserve de biosphère transfrontière (RBT), faisant suite à un long processus de collaboration entre les deux pays et un premier jumelage entre le Parc National des oiseaux du Djoudj au Sénégal et le Parc National du Diawling en Mauritanie (en mai 2000). Ce jumelage fut créé afin de renforcer le réseau Ramsar Est Atlantique et de travailler sur une problématique commune : les plantes envahissantes.
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- To present three tools that have been developed to encourage the uptake of better policies and practices for biodiversity management in extraction sites
TRY Oyster Women’s Association empowers a highly marginalized and economically vulnerable segment of Gambian society. The Association is an established group of 500 female oyster harvesters, with organized leadership, from 15 villages in the Greater Banjul area of The Gambia. It is creating positive change and economic transformation in local villages. Rather than struggling individually, as they once did, women harvesters are now part of a flourishing and widely recognized local enterprise.
Earth Skills Network (ESN) is a collaboration between Earthwatch, UNESCO, IUCN & businesses. It connects leaders from the business and conservation sector through mentoring & skill-sharing. Through ESN, Protected Areas (PAs) can access relevant skills within businesses & build constructive dialogue on the need to manage environmental impacts. Through ESN, businesses can identify solutions to pressures on natural resources & nurture sustainable business leadership.
This best practice provides practical guidance on transitioning from marine spatial planning (MSP) into plan implementation in varying ecological, socio and economic contexts.
Biodiversity conservation requires balancing trade-offs between biodiversity protection and economic activities. This applies both to protected areas, where the supply of various ecosystem services (e.g. carbon sequestration, water regulation) is seen as an important co-benefit, and not-protected areas, which also contain important elements of global biodiversity.
Making biodiversity conservation and protected areas relevant to business demands an integrated approach. It must integrate methods for measuring business impact and dependencies on nature, include clear communication on what this means for a business in terms of risk and opportunity, and involve collaboration to identify actions and define approaches that will underpin the business’s contribution to conservation.
As the guidance on biodiversity offset implementation continues to evolve, there is the potential for offsets to benefit existing protected area networks through improving connectivity between sites and across landscapes, promoting biodiversity and ecosystem service representation, contributing to national biodiversity targets and supporting sustainable development objectives.
In collaboration with the cement and aggregates sector over the last 7 years, IUCN has developed tools for integrating biodiversity into extraction planning, decision-making and operations. These tools are aimed at public and private sector and encourage collaboration for improved biodiversity management and land use planning.
L’économie des pays ouest africains est fortement tributaire de l’état des ressources naturelles et de la variabilité climatique. Les changements climatiques sont à l’origine des évènements extrêmes (sécheresses, inondations) et de la dégradation des terres qui a affecté les capacités de résilience des systèmes écologiques, économiques et sociaux dans la sous-région.
Integrating local residents – especially poor households, indigenous communities and women – into the protected area economies of the developing world via concessions compensates for losses, alleviates poverty, drives local economic development and builds conservation incentives. Integrating locals is important not only as a principle of natural justice but also on pragmatic grounds.