The Nagoya Protocol contributes to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity by providing a platform for greater legal certainty and transparency for the providers and users of genetic resources. The Protocol supports the effective implementation of one of the Convention on Biological Diversity’s (CBD) three objectives, the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources (ABS).
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Conservation of protected areas more than often invite conflicts particularly when resources for protected areas are also sources for livelihood. It becomes difficult for park officials to communicate conservation with local communities.
The ‘solution’ addressed the issue of unsustainable extraction of park’s bio-resources by the local communities resulting in adverse park-people relations. Rather than preventing users to rely on bio-resources for their incomes, the ‘solution’ created alternative livelihood strategies and options that centered on the sustainable use practices and in doing so created a meaningful stake of local communities in managing the Park.
EGREE Foundation(East Godavari River Estuarine Ecosystem Foundation), a cross-sectoral platform established by Government of Andhra Pradesh during December 2013 for the conservation of EGREE region encompassing Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary. One of the key outcomes of the UNDP supported GEF financed project ‘Mainstreaming Coastal and Marine Biodiversity Conservation into Production Sectors in the East Godavari River Estuarine Ecosystem, Andhra Pradesh’ (EGREE Project) is the establishment of a cross-sectoral platform that constitutes the EGREE Foundation.
Estimating the funding required for biodiversity conservation in general, and protected area management in particular, is a formidable challenge on account of multitude of interrelated issues and the wide range of stakeholders involved. The issue of ‘scale’ has an overriding significance. It is relatively simpler to estimate funding requirements for a single protected area, and much more complicated for estimating funding requirements for the entire protected area network.