Manas National Park and UNESCO World Heritage Site is located in Assam province of Northeast India and is world renowned for its outstanding natural beauty and presence of a rich biodiversity that includes several endemic, rare and threatened wild animal species that are found nowhere else in the world. The park also witnessed more than 15 years of armed conflict that led to massive destruction of the Park infrastructure and decimation of wildlife population in recent history.
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Wetlands are key ecosystems, home for a variety of flora and fauna species and particularly important for the biodiversity they represent therefore, safeguarding, protecting and improving the biological diversity is crucial. The nature conservation best practice is focused at a wetland complex in Albania with the status of a National Park, aiming the conservation of the Dalmatian pelican as a flagship species for the park. The Dalmatian pelican is one of the most important bird species present in Albania all year long.
This entry describes an on-going study that aims to describe the migration paths of green sea turtles after they have nested in Selingan Island, part of the Turtle Island Heritage Protected Area (TIHPA) which is the first trans-boundary PA in South East Asia. To date, tagging methods is the main method used by marine turtle conservationists.
El Parque Nacional Natural Cahuinarí creado en 1987, se encuentra ubicado al suroriente de la Amazonía colombiana e encuentra en condición de traslape del 100% con el Resguardo Predio Putumayo, territorio ancestral del pueblo indígena Bora-Miraña, representadas por la Asociación PANI y lo que lo convierte en un parque pionero en el desarrollo de estrategias de conservación concertadas con las comunidades locales.
In Uganda, the government uses the National Development Plan (NDP) planning framework to achieve medium and long-term development goals in country. All sectors have to mainstream their sectoral plans and programmes into the NDP. The National Biodiversity Strategy and Action (NBSAP) has also been mainstreamed into the NDP, so that it is part of and contributes to the country’s medium and long-term development process in Uganda. Communicating the value of NBSAPS outside of the Ministry of the Environment was critical to the success of the project.
Financing Protected Areas is a challenge all countries are facing. Governments are under constant pressure to deliver benefits for the people, enhance actions for poverty alleviation and promote development. Therefore, in order to increase resources for Protected Areas it is key to bring together conservation and development objectives as well as other international and national key issues. Protected Areas provide all types of ecosystem services that are directly linked to social and economic benefits for society.
Making biodiversity conservation and protected areas relevant to business demands an integrated approach. It must integrate methods for measuring business impact and dependencies on nature, include clear communication on what this means for a business in terms of risk and opportunity, and involve collaboration to identify actions and define approaches that will underpin the business’s contribution to conservation.
One of the possibilities for recognizing the interdependence of humans and nature is through values and a framework of ethics. In the case of freshwater in New Zealand, various legal solutions have been proposed to settle Maori interests in water. One solution is the vesting of water as a ‘person’ in law, as in Whanganui and Te Urewera. The proposed sale of a hydroelectric company's state assets triggered a Maori claim to activate recognition of Maori interests in fresh water. The case took the argument that sales cannot proceed until Maori interests are settled.
Fishermen are more likely to support marine protected areas (MPAs) that are designed to promote fishery benefits, integrated with other fishery management measures, and monitored to demonstrate fishery results. By linking investments in MPAs and fisheries, fishermen are incentivized to support and push for marine protection. Three examples from California demonstrate the benefits of empowering fishermen in design and adaptive management of MPAs.
Australia’s National Landscapes programme was inspired by the need to make Australia’s wealth of protected areas digestible for visitors, to differentiate the best natural and cultural destinations and improve the delivery of their experiences. It provides a framework for regional partners to collaborate in considering new tourism projects, infrastructure needs, conservation impacts and marketing.