A protected area’s concession function can help it to achieve many goals, including generating income for protected areas, contributing to economic and rural development, managing overuse and impacts, protecting resources, enhancing conservation, and economic empowerment of people living in and around the protected area.
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The Water Fund is a public-private partnership model where downstream water beneficiaries contribute finances to support upstream landowners and conservation managers to sustain good land management practices that yield higher quantities of better quality of water that’s economical to treat and distribute to the city based users while support upstream conservation and livelihood activities.
Malaysia is a fast growing developing nation and has the aspiration to be a fully developed by 2020 as envisioned in her Vision 2020. Vision 2020 highlights the need for fostering a balanced development that is ecologically sustainable. Malaysia’s natural resource base has always had a significant contribution towards the economy. Even as the structure of the economy has transitioned towards being driven by services and manufacturing sectors the economy is still very much reliant on natural resources. The major contributor besides crude oil and natural gas is palm oil, timber and rubber.
Many, if not most, extractive and industrial companies own portions of undisturbed or less disturbed landscapes which are not actively utilized for the company’s core business. By consolidating such areas, establishing their potential ecological contribution, initiating projects to improve the present ecological state and managing these lands as a protected area, such lands can contribute significantly to the sustainability profile of a company.
Nature tourism, as an alternative for the development of rural communities of the area of influence of Chingaza National Park (NP), is a conservation tool. It can help to address deforestation pressures on the paramo ecosystem, as a result of extensive livestock and expansion of the agricultural frontier, as well as manage and conserve private lands in the buffer zone through cooperative work agreements, conservation pacts, and training.
In Uganda, commercially viable quantities of oil and gas resources have been discovered in the country’s Albertine Rift region. The country is excited by this discovery and is fast tracking exploration and development efforts. It expects to earn foreign exchange from the export of petroleum products. About 50 percent of the discoveries are found in Murchison Falls National Park.
The Conservation International (CI) - BHP Billiton Alliance supports the delivery of enduring benefits to biodiversity, ecosystems and other environmental resources around the world. In 2013 BHP Billiton – one of the world’s leading diversified resources companies – voluntarily committed to financing the conservation and continuing management of areas of high biodiversity and ecosystem value that are of national and international conservation significance.
Artisanal mining continues to be a major challenge in protected areas, as enforcement is hard to undertake. Through appropriate partnerships with the private sector, gemology labs can develop a brand differentiation program whereby revenues from jewelry that contains responsibly mined gems (that can be chemically traced through gemological techniques) are partially channeled back into conservation. This idea was developed in partnership with Gemological Institute of America and University of Basel’s Laurent Cartier.
The biodiversity assets of Southern Africa are globally recognized as exceptional. The protection of these unique landscapes, and their associated flora and fauna, is a high priority on the political and sustainability agenda. The Diamond Route project demonstrates that, regardless of the industry, businesses need not impose a limit on their efforts to contribute positively to the creation, expansion, conservation, management and restoration of Southern Africa's natural capital base.
In alignment with national EIA regulations, and IFC performance standards on sustainability and the biodiversity conservation, Ambatovy and Qit Madagascar Mining have combined environmental and social impact assessments, a mitigation hierarchy and adaptive management to achieve “no net loss,” and preferably a net gain, for biodiversity.The mitigation hierarchy includes the processes of avoidance, minimization and restoration, with offsetting, to compensate for residual impacts.