The Nagoya Protocol contributes to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity by providing a platform for greater legal certainty and transparency for the providers and users of genetic resources. The Protocol supports the effective implementation of one of the Convention on Biological Diversity’s (CBD) three objectives, the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources (ABS).
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This case study highlights Nepal’s effort to identify synergies among various biodiversity-related Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs), Nepal’s Biodiversity and Strategic Action Plan (NBSAP), and national sustainable development indicators. It also highlights the role of Nepal’s National Biodiversity Coordination Committee (NBCC) in mainstreaming all biodiversity related conventions and biodiversity programmes within the national development agenda.
In Bhutan, synergy and coherence among existing biodiversity policies and acts was identified as a serious gap in the implementation of previous NBSAPs. Therefore, the National Task Force was established to develop the new NBSAP, to oversee liaison with National Focal Points of the other Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs), including the biodiversity-related conventions. In particular, a mapping exercise was undertaken to show the relevance of national targets across the MEAs.
Manas National Park and UNESCO World Heritage Site is located in Assam province of Northeast India and is world renowned for its outstanding natural beauty and presence of a rich biodiversity that includes several endemic, rare and threatened wild animal species that are found nowhere else in the world. The park also witnessed more than 15 years of armed conflict that led to massive destruction of the Park infrastructure and decimation of wildlife population in recent history.
Conservation of protected areas more than often invite conflicts particularly when resources for protected areas are also sources for livelihood. It becomes difficult for park officials to communicate conservation with local communities.
The CBD Secretariat, in coordination with the Global Gender Office (OGG) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and with support from the Japan Fund for Biodiversity, promoted the "Capacity Building initiative to integrate gender in the National Strategies and Biodiversity Action Plans ". In its initial phase, three pilot countries were selected, including Mexico.
Historically, Mexico’s natural resources have benefited all the population by bringing essential goods in the form of food, construction materials and traditional medicine among others. But in recent decades, a growing economic activity based on heavy extraction of such resources and a lack of coordination among public policies have caused an increased pressure over the country’s biodiversity.
While borne out of a highly participatory process involving national and local governments, civil society, academe, and the private sector, the implementation of PBSAP and especially the allocation of funds, depend on a clear policy formulation, sustained awareness raising, and integration in related planning process.
El comanejo en Honduras ha sido definido como un ‘modelo de manejo compartido, basado en un proceso dinámico y sistemático, entre el Estado, gobiernos locales y la sociedad civil organizada’. A partir de este concepto se desprenden 4 elementos claves necesarios de abordar para hacer del comanejo un mecanismo eficiente en la administración de las áreas protegidas del país: garantía de la conservación, uso sostenible, gobernanza y participación comunitaria con equidad de género.
The Kyrgyz Republic, despite its small size, has relatively high diversity of species - about % of all known species on 0.13% of the Earth terrestrial. The complex orographical structure and wide-ranging elevations have nurtured highly diverse and endemic biomes, especially rich flora species in the Western Tian-Shan and Pamir-Altai ranges.