The Adaptation and Mitigation Initiatives in Agriculture (AMIA) in this report are proposed for a sector – rice cultivation – that is extremely vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and commonly associated with food security. However, agriculture also contributes to more than 30 per cent of the GHG emissions in the Philippines and is the second largest GHG emission source in the country. Although rice cultivation occupies the top position among the sources of agricultural emissions, this emission source has not been addressed by any major climate change-related activities up to the present.
The proposed AMIA is unique as it addresses, through the proposed set of interventions a large number of policy goals and targets related to climate change, sustainable development and agricultural sector reform, and provides an overall solution to climate change risk management and the transition to low GHG emission agriculture, and the empowerment of farmers. It is worth noting that the Philippines has already created under different programmes most of the enabling policy environment for the implementation of these, but the proposed AMIA is the first attempt to put the programmes together in a single policy implementation structure.