Gender equality is a human right as set forth in the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) and other international instruments. This paper aims to demonstrate and illustrate how integrating gender equality principles into REDD+ will result in improved sustainability of climate and development outcomes. It does so by first examining the normative basis for gender mainstreaming in REDD+. The gendered dimensions of key readiness components are then analyzed to formulate recommendations for policy makers and practitioners. The rationale for including gender considerations in REDD+ policy, planning and implementation is predicated on the human rights-based approach to development. The business case for mainstreaming gender—in terms of strengthening REDD+ outcomes— is based on examining how mainstreaming gender into REDD+ may:
• increase efficiency (defined here as reducing transaction costs);
• increase efficacy (defined here as reducing greenhouse gas emissions); and
• increase sustainability (defined here as ensuring permanence and thereby reducing the risk of reversals for project investors, be they public or private).
The business case for mainstreaming gender in REDD+ examines four main readiness components. : stakeholder engagement; property rights, land and resource tenure; ensuring multiple benefits of forests and REDD+; and transparent, equitable and accountable management of REDD+ funds. It also explores how gender can be linked to inclusive growths and green development.
The Business Case for Gender Mainstreaming in REDD+. UN-REDD Programme 2011