This best practice document provides a summary of the above guidance; jointly produced by the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre and the Institute for European Environmental Policy (a web link to the full report follows the document text). This document is designed to help Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and, more specifically, National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plan (NBSAPs) development practitioners, to incorporate the values of biodiversity and ecosystem services into NBSAPs. The incorporation of biodiversity and ecosystem service values into NBSAPs has been called for under the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011- 2020, and the corresponding Aichi Biodiversity Targets 1 and 2, adopted at the 10th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the CBD (COP 10).
Incorporating biodiversity and ecosystem service values into NBSAPs is expected to improve biodiversity mainstreaming, assist the achievement of specific national outcomes, facilitate a concerted global effort to improve natural resource management, halt the loss of biodiversity and ensure the provision of ecosystem services and sustained human well-being now, and in the future. This would, in particular, be achieved through helping to identify win-win opportunities, where multiple policy objectives can be met cost-effectively. It can also help identify trade-offs that may merit being avoided on the basis of net welfare losses. Consequently, the incorporation of biodiversity and ecosystem service values into NBSAPs can also be the key to achieving mainstreaming of biodiversity across governments and sectors, as required under Aichi Target 3.