China released its national plan for implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which translates each target of SDGs into “action plans” for China. China currently holds G-20 Presidency, and has previously called on the G-20 to formulate its own action plan on the 2030 Agenda.
The plan mentions China’s delivery of the “Six 100s” international cooperation pledge: 100 poverty alleviation programmes; 100 agricultural cooperation programmes; 100 trade facilitation programmes; 100 programmes for ecological protection and combating climate change; construction of 100 hospitals and clinics; and construction of 100 schools and vocational training centers.
The plan seeks to intensify the prevention and treatment of pollution from hazardous chemicals, promote recycling and safe disposal of all kinds of wastes of all kinds, and establish an emission permit system covering all fixed pollution sources (SDGs 3, 12) It states that, by 2020, China endeavors to establish a national centralized and real-time environment monitoring system, improve the environmental information disclosure system, and strengthen environmental law enforcement (SDG 3). On sustainable consumption and production, the plan advocates preserving “the fine Chinese tradition of frugality.” National water consumption will be limited to below 700 billion cubic meters by 2030, and the extended producer responsibility system (EPR) will be enforced.
On climate, China’s nationally determined contributions (NDCs) will be integrated into national strategies, and climate mitigation actions will be leveraged in the shift to a new model of economic growth that advances environmental protection. China will urge developed countries to formulate a road map and timetable for mobilizing the international community’s commitment of US$100 billion annually by 2020 to address the climate-related needs of developing countries and fully operationalize the Green Climate Fund (GCF).