This case study discusses the great potential connectivity outcomes when development offsets are required in a landscape which has a foundation of groups committed towards achieving a conservation “corridor”. In this example, the development was the loss of vegetation required for the duplication of the Hume Highway (by Roads and Maritime NSW) and the “corridor” is the priority landscape of the Slopes to Summit partnership (within the Great Eastern Ranges Initiative area) in southern NSW.
Develop strategies and actions
To address the emerging shortage of bulk water supply to Maputo and surrounding areas, the project handled the protected area concern by including a number of project implementation measures in the EMP to mitigate the potential adverse impacts on the protected area, including: an inundation preparation plan, reservoir management program, environmental water release regime, anti-poaching measures and environmental monitoring plan.
Table Mountain National Park (TMNP) dramatically improved its ability to link its priority conservation tasks with the sustainable development needs of Cape Town and its citizens, to the advantage of both the Park and the City’s citizens. This story illustrates the importance of a functioning governance system and a commitment to finding mutual interest between the goals of conservation and development.
A protected area’s concession function can help it to achieve many goals, including generating income for protected areas, contributing to economic and rural development, managing overuse and impacts, protecting resources, enhancing conservation, and economic empowerment of people living in and around the protected area.
The Water Fund is a public-private partnership model where downstream water beneficiaries contribute finances to support upstream landowners and conservation managers to sustain good land management practices that yield higher quantities of better quality of water that’s economical to treat and distribute to the city based users while support upstream conservation and livelihood activities.
The Mbé River watershed is one of the most biologically diverse sites in Central Africa. It is also Gabon’s most economically important watershed, providing electricity for 60% of the country’s population and providing other ecosystem services such as regulating water flows, carbon sequestration, and biodiversity. These services are presently provided free of charge. The Mbé watershed ecosystem and its biodiversity face a series of growing threats, most notably unregulated hunting, unregulated mining and unsustainable logging.
At this time we do not have a solution yet. Actually the Shai Hills Enhancement Project, by all standards, is a complete failure. Bizarrely enough, it was the spectacular failure of the project that allowed us to strip away all inessentials and gave us a solid foundation for moving forward. The solution really was for the project to hit rock bottom.
The money that countries spend to manage and maintain protected areas should not be considered an “expenditure” but an “investment.” This is not only a semantical issue, but also a conceptual and theoretical one. In general, countries, citizens, press, and ministers of finance praise the investment, but not the expenditure. For instance, in the case of the guards that work for these areas, should those salaries be considered as a general expenditure, or as an investment? If we do not pay for the guards, can we keep a protected area safe?
The solution proposes to work with the Cambodian government to help reposition its protected area system as part of the means for realizing, rather than hindering, development objectives, in particular as they relate to poverty alleviation. Conservation International (CI) has completed a preliminary assessment that indicates 68 percent of Cambodia’s critical natural capital is still intact. Approximately 42 precent is covered by its protected area system.
La obtención de recursos económicos para lograr cerrar la brecha financiera en las áreas protegidas de Colombia es un reto que afecta en gran medida su gobernabilidad más aún cuando se trata de abordar el uso, la ocupación y la tenencia de la tierra al interior de las mismas. Con esta problemática la Dirección Territorial Andes Nororientales de Parques Nacionales Naturales de Colombia, negoció por primera vez para el país, que el valor de la inversión en conservación exigido a empresas sujetas a licenciamiento ambiental, fuera invertido en los Parques Nacionales de la territorial.