The Executive Secretary of the Convention on Biological Diversity has circulated for the information of participants in the third meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Implementation, an information document that includes some of the key lessons from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC) in supporting implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. The document also includes some suggestions to inform the development and subsequent implementation of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework.
Key messages are:
- The Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020, including the global Aichi Biodiversity Targets, provided a flexible framework that strongly guided national target setting. Yet, many components were challenging to operationalize and achieve on a national level. Designing the post-2020 global biodiversity framework to also function as a flexible framework for national action would be beneficial.
- The NBSAPs developed during the 2011-2020 period were generally overambitious and lacked prioritization. Governments often did not have sufficient financial resources and institutional capacity to implement, monitor, and report on all of their NBSAP commitments. Effective implementation of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework will therefore require that ambition in outcomes is matched by ambition in the required means of implementation.
- Governments frequently lacked access to adequate quantitative and spatial information on biodiversity and ecosystem services, their uses and importance for society, and related drivers of change. Addressing this need will better position Parties to develop and implement effective biodiversity strategies, monitor and report progress to achieve them, and to make linkages to similar commitments under other multilateral environmental agreements.
- Ministries of environment typically prepared and implemented NBSAPs, with other governmental ministries having lower levels of engagement and ownership. When cross-ministry coordination did occur during NBSAP design and implementation and national reporting, it led to increased positive biodiversity outcomes. There remains considerable potential to build on such mainstreaming successes during the next decade.
- Access to an extensive suite of capacity-building and peer learning opportunities in multiple languages supported Parties in their efforts to produce high quality and data-driven NBSAPs and national reports. Free, web-based, knowledge management platforms such as the UN Biodiversity Lab1 and the NBSAP Forum2 also provided significant technical support to Parties. Maintaining continued access to these types of tools will help accelerate implementation of the new global biodiversity framework.
- Some Parties faced challenges when using official templates and online tools for national reporting due to lack of capacity and/or connectivity. There is an opportunity to improve the CBD Secretariat's online reporting system by minimizing the technical and linguistic issues that limit Parties from systematically using these resources to develop and submit their reports.