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Europe

Norway is on track to achieve its national biodiversity targets to combat invasive alien species by 2020 | Key highlights from Norway’s Sixth National Report and post-2010 NBSAP

In its Sixth National Report (6NR) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), and post-2010 National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP), Norway identifies invasive alien species (IAS), as one of the major threats to biodiversity. Other threats include land conversion and land-use change, climate change and pollution. This best practice highlights the efforts undertaken by Norway, as described in its 6NR and the latest NBSAP, to address IAS in an era of globalization and climate change.


Raising Biodiversity’s Public Profile: The Belgian Success Story

Lack of public awareness on the importance of biodiversity makes it challenging to achieve the objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and successfully implement National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plans (NBSAPs).


Community Conserved Areas: Legal Framework for the Natural Park of the Ampezzo Dolomites (Italy) I IUCN

Considering its relatively limited size, Italy is one of the richest countries in terms of world heritage
sites. Forty-two of its 44 world heritage sites are, however, listed for exceptional cultural value and only
two for outstanding natural value. One of these, the Dolomites, includes the country’s best example
of a community conserved area, a type of governance that IUCN now refers to as ‘indigenous and
community conserved area’ (ICCA).

Legal Framework for Protected Areas: France I IUCN

France is characterized by a broad range of protected area categories. These may be created as a
result of initiatives by the national government, or local or regional authorities, and may be established
under environmental legislation or sectoral laws.

Mainstreaming Biodiversity Into Land-Use Planning Through The Natura 2000 Network

In Europe, as in the rest of the world, human activities are causing rapid biodiversity loss. Over the last two decades, the EU has been trying to tackle this in various ways, including through the Natura 2000 Network of protected areas. This includes over 27 000 protected areas, covering over million km2, making it the largest coordinated network of protected areas in the world. The Natura 2000 Network creates a framework for mainstreaming conservation into a range of sectors. The European Commission led the development of the Natura 2000 Network.

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