The Nagoya Protocol contributes to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity by providing a platform for greater legal certainty and transparency for the providers and users of genetic resources. The Protocol supports the effective implementation of one of the Convention on Biological Diversity’s (CBD) three objectives, the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources (ABS).
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Conservation of protected areas more than often invite conflicts particularly when resources for protected areas are also sources for livelihood. It becomes difficult for park officials to communicate conservation with local communities.
The ‘solution’ addressed the issue of unsustainable extraction of park’s bio-resources by the local communities resulting in adverse park-people relations. Rather than preventing users to rely on bio-resources for their incomes, the ‘solution’ created alternative livelihood strategies and options that centered on the sustainable use practices and in doing so created a meaningful stake of local communities in managing the Park.
EGREE Foundation(East Godavari River Estuarine Ecosystem Foundation), a cross-sectoral platform established by Government of Andhra Pradesh during December 2013 for the conservation of EGREE region encompassing Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary. One of the key outcomes of the UNDP supported GEF financed project ‘Mainstreaming Coastal and Marine Biodiversity Conservation into Production Sectors in the East Godavari River Estuarine Ecosystem, Andhra Pradesh’ (EGREE Project) is the establishment of a cross-sectoral platform that constitutes the EGREE Foundation.
Under-funding of protected areas is a universal challenge. The UNDP supported GEF financed project “Strengthening Governance and Financial Sustainability of the National Protected Area System” sought to improve the financial sustainability of the Ukraine’s national protected area system. To do this, the project: a) developed a comprehensive national strategy for protected area financing, b) introduced business planning for protected areas and piloted options for PA revenue generation.