Women contribute to biodiversity conservation and management in fundamentally important ways. Their role has been underscored in several decisions of the Conference of Parties (CoP) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), and the CBD’s 2015-2020 Gender Plan of Action. Previously, gender was absent from Jamaica’s National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP) of 2003. However, Jamaica’s latest NBSAP 2016-2021 includes gender considerations into biodiversity conservation actions and cross-sectoral strategies.
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In its Sixth National Report (6NR) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), and post-2010 National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP), Norway identifies invasive alien species (IAS), as one of the major threats to biodiversity. Other threats include land conversion and land-use change, climate change and pollution. This best practice highlights the efforts undertaken by Norway, as described in its 6NR and the latest NBSAP, to address IAS in an era of globalization and climate change.
Lack of public awareness on the importance of biodiversity makes it challenging to achieve the objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and successfully implement National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plans (NBSAPs).
In Europe, as in the rest of the world, human activities are causing rapid biodiversity loss. Over the last two decades, the EU has been trying to tackle this in various ways, including through the Natura 2000 Network of protected areas. This includes over 27 000 protected areas, covering over million km2, making it the largest coordinated network of protected areas in the world. The Natura 2000 Network creates a framework for mainstreaming conservation into a range of sectors. The European Commission led the development of the Natura 2000 Network.
European countries are planning massive investments in renewable energy, which will mean that many more transmission lines will be needed to transport the energy produced. This is essential for reducing carbon emissions, but without careful planning, transmission lines can create a range of risks for biodiversity. The Renewables Grid Initiative (RGI) was launched in 2009 as a neutral platform, enabling Transmission System Operators (TSOs) and NGOs from across Europe to come together as equal partners.
In the Colombian Amazon, indigenous groups, women's organizations, the Sinchi Amazon Institute of Scientific Research, and the Ministry of Environment, implement Chagra’s Fairs (local name given to Agrobiodiversity Fairs) to empower initiatives based on principles of solidarity economy and traditional knowledge as an alternative to extractive economies that have historically operated in the region.
In the Netherlands, a coalition of multinational and large Dutch companies is taking steps to make their impact on natural and social capital visible throughout their entire value chain, with the help of civil society organizations. This unique initiative of companies, NGOs and the government teaming-up. Their ambition is formalized in a "Green Deal" signed by IUCN-NL, True Price, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Netherlands and the Dutch government. The Green Deal is linked to the global Natural Capital Protocol.
During the “Urban National Parks in Emerging Countries” (UNPEC) research program, funded by the ANR (the french National Research Agency), the Urban Protected Areas Network have worked in partnership with the national parks and the cities in Rio, Cape Town, Mumbai, Nairobi. We have identified three main types of park’s dynamics:
The „Let’s get wild“ project is about wilderness project weeks in Austria´s secondary high schools. This wilderness school project will support the Austrian regional development plan by promoting the acceptance of national parks within the younger population. Through multimedia and interdisciplinary environmental education, the role of the Austrian National Parks in the protection and preservation of the natural, recreational value, biodiversity and climate protection is emphasized.
La République d’Haïti se trouve dans l’hémisphère nord, spécifiquement dans le bassin de la Caraïbe, entre la mer des caraïbes et l’Océan Atlantique. Elle se situe entre 18°0’ et 20°6’ de latitude Nord et 71°20’ et 74°30’ de longitude Ouest (PNUE/MDE, 2010). Elle est également connue sous les appellations Quisqueya ou «Bohio». Avec une superficie de 27.750 km2elle partage avec la République Dominicaine l’ile d’Hispaniola qui est la deuxième plus grande en superficie dans la Caraïbe.