Women in Nicaragua’s indigenous territories face substantial obstacles while participating in decision-making processes when it comes to the use of forests and forest resources in their communities. Though national laws and regional policies promote gender equality, forests are still seen primarily as the realm of men. Development/conservation projects on women are rarely concerned with forests. Projects on forests rarely pay attention to women or approach forests from a gender perspective.
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Kachchh is an arid ecosystem with a wealth of biodiversity that has been declared Rare, Endangered and Threatened (RET). This region has historically been a meeting point for cultures, ecosystems, and geological formations, all of which have contributed to its rich biodiversity. This is the only arid ecosystem in the world that is accompanied by a marine mangrove ecosystem along its coast. The Gulf of Kachchh and its creeks and mangroves are the home to some of the rare marine biodiversity of the world, including Dolphin, Sea Cow/Dugong, Green Turtle, Olive Ridley Turtle, etc.
In the Colombian Amazon, indigenous groups, women's organizations, the Sinchi Amazon Institute of Scientific Research, and the Ministry of Environment, implement Chagra’s Fairs (local name given to Agrobiodiversity Fairs) to empower initiatives based on principles of solidarity economy and traditional knowledge as an alternative to extractive economies that have historically operated in the region.
Jagriti is a community-based organization operating in the hilly state of Himachal Pradesh, India. It works towards women’s empowerment through livelihood development and the promotion of energy-efficient and drudgery-reducing devices. Since 2002, Jagriti has been disseminating a package of energy-efficient devices (including liquefied petroleum gas stoves, pressure cookers and traditional water heaters) in Himachal Pradesh’s Kullu District. This energy programme is implemented through over 100 women’s savings and credit groups at the village and hamlet level.
During the “Urban National Parks in Emerging Countries” (UNPEC) research program, funded by the ANR (the french National Research Agency), the Urban Protected Areas Network have worked in partnership with the national parks and the cities in Rio, Cape Town, Mumbai, Nairobi. We have identified three main types of park’s dynamics:
The Nagoya Protocol contributes to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity by providing a platform for greater legal certainty and transparency for the providers and users of genetic resources. The Protocol supports the effective implementation of one of the Convention on Biological Diversity’s (CBD) three objectives, the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources (ABS).
This case study highlights Nepal’s effort to identify synergies among various biodiversity-related Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs), Nepal’s Biodiversity and Strategic Action Plan (NBSAP), and national sustainable development indicators. It also highlights the role of Nepal’s National Biodiversity Coordination Committee (NBCC) in mainstreaming all biodiversity related conventions and biodiversity programmes within the national development agenda.
In Bhutan, synergy and coherence among existing biodiversity policies and acts was identified as a serious gap in the implementation of previous NBSAPs. Therefore, the National Task Force was established to develop the new NBSAP, to oversee liaison with National Focal Points of the other Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs), including the biodiversity-related conventions. In particular, a mapping exercise was undertaken to show the relevance of national targets across the MEAs.
Manas National Park and UNESCO World Heritage Site is located in Assam province of Northeast India and is world renowned for its outstanding natural beauty and presence of a rich biodiversity that includes several endemic, rare and threatened wild animal species that are found nowhere else in the world. The park also witnessed more than 15 years of armed conflict that led to massive destruction of the Park infrastructure and decimation of wildlife population in recent history.
Conservation of protected areas more than often invite conflicts particularly when resources for protected areas are also sources for livelihood. It becomes difficult for park officials to communicate conservation with local communities.