During the “Urban National Parks in Emerging Countries” (UNPEC) research program, funded by the ANR (the french National Research Agency), the Urban Protected Areas Network have worked in partnership with the national parks and the cities in Rio, Cape Town, Mumbai, Nairobi. We have identified three main types of park’s dynamics:
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This case study highlights Nepal’s effort to identify synergies among various biodiversity-related Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs), Nepal’s Biodiversity and Strategic Action Plan (NBSAP), and national sustainable development indicators. It also highlights the role of Nepal’s National Biodiversity Coordination Committee (NBCC) in mainstreaming all biodiversity related conventions and biodiversity programmes within the national development agenda.
In Bhutan, synergy and coherence among existing biodiversity policies and acts was identified as a serious gap in the implementation of previous NBSAPs. Therefore, the National Task Force was established to develop the new NBSAP, to oversee liaison with National Focal Points of the other Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs), including the biodiversity-related conventions. In particular, a mapping exercise was undertaken to show the relevance of national targets across the MEAs.
The best practice is the contribution of protected areas to Gross National Happiness.
Protected Areas (Pas) of Nepal provide habitat for a range of species including tiger, rhino, snow leopard, red panda, musk deer, and many others. A gradual shift in the management strategy from strict protection and species focus into ecosystem and landscape approach has mainstreamed economic development. As of 2014, there are 10 national parks, three wildlife reserves, one hunting reserve, six conservation areas, and 12 twelve buffer zones which are a part of the PA system in Nepal.