Namibia is recognized as a global leader in conservation and nature-based rural development. Its State-run Community-Based Natural Resource Management Program (CBNRM) is a successful example of decentralizing natural resource management and recognizing the rights and development needs of local communities.
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Since 1989, the community of Falealupo, Government of Samoa and foreign parties have signed three Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS) agreements for the purposes of Research & Development (R&D) and bio-prospecting. The agreements were put in place for the use of traditional knowledge from local healers and the local plant ‘mamala’ for HIV AIDS research.
From 2011 to 2017, the Brazilian government implemented seven projects in three areas of the Caatinga biome, in collaboration with the Brazilian bank Caixa Econômica Federal. The projects aimed to promote the sustainable management and use of timber for industrial and domestic purposes in the Caatinga, with the goal to reduce the high deforestation rate in the biome.
The Indigenous Tourism Network of Mexico (RITA) - Red Indígena De Turismo De México - (http://www.rita.com.mx/index.html) promotes indigenous community development by raising awareness about biodiversity using a collaborative and participatory approach. The Network mobilizes indigenous communities to overcome economic marginalization by developing sustainable ecotourism projects and natural resource based micro-enterprises.
This best practice describes how transboundary collaboration can reduce ongoing conflicts and sustain fisheries management on the Akagera river located at the border of Rwanda (Akagera National Park) and Tanzania. It came from my experiences working on a fishery project in Akagera national Park in 2015, where illegal fishing by Tanzanian fishers was a big threat to the conservation of wildlife in ANP. But it was hard to alleviate because of the lack of collaboration and good management strategies of fisheries resources.
A la suite aux efforts conjugués de la Mauritanie et du Sénégal, le delta du fleuve Sénégal a été érigé par l’UNESCO le 27 juin 2005 en réserve de biosphère transfrontière (RBT), faisant suite à un long processus de collaboration entre les deux pays et un premier jumelage entre le Parc National des oiseaux du Djoudj au Sénégal et le Parc National du Diawling en Mauritanie (en mai 2000). Ce jumelage fut créé afin de renforcer le réseau Ramsar Est Atlantique et de travailler sur une problématique commune : les plantes envahissantes.
The Northwest Province, which is one of the ten administrative units of Cameroon, has a population of almost two million people. It is located in the western highlands and characterized by high altitudes ranging from 1,000- 1,008 meters above sea level. Unsustainable agricultural land use practices, such as traditional slash and burn, are increasing the destruction of natural resources and resulting in heightened poverty, worsened gender equality and human suffering.
This best practice showcases how Cameroon’s efforts to harmonize biodiversity-related Multilateral Environmental Agreement’s (MEAs) led to the creation of targets in the country’s revised National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plan (NBSAP) that recognize illegal commercial trade of wildlife and plant species as a pressure on biodiversity. The Cameroon NBSAP 2014-2020 calls for several actions that promote synergy and collaboration.
China’s NBSAP and other national and regional programs and policies include action plans, implementation plans, targets, guidelines and decisions related to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. Numerous Chinese ministries and local governments have adopted and implemented a broad range of powerful policy instruments for biodiversity conservation and sustainable use. As a result, there is strengthened cooperation and increased biodiversity conservation and sustainable use among government agencies, universities and research institutes.
At the end of the European summer, two million soaring birds head south towards Africa. Their route, along the Red Sea/Rift Valley flyway, is the second most important flyway for soaring birds in the world. However, just as these areas are essential to the birds’ survival, so too are they vital for human populations, and host a growing concentration of development and energy infrastructure. If power lines and wind turbines are poorly sited along the flyway, the cumulative impacts can add up to threaten entire bird populations.