It is a well-known fact that indigenous peoples and/or local communities living in and around natural areas are custodians of traditional and working knowledge of the geography and forests where they live. In Sarawak, Malaysia (northwestern Borneo), engaging indigenous communities is an integral part of management and conservation of forests, including in and around protected areas. At least one non-governmental organisation (NGO) in Sarawak is working with these communities to obtain baseline data for management purposes.
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Established a community-based resource management programme for an isolated fishing community on Kia Island in the Northern Fiji sitting on the Great Sea Reef (GSR) of local, regional and global significance being the third largest reef system in the world. Having perceived the current state of poor management of the marine protected area by the people of Macuata province, Reef Rangers was developed to increase education and awareness on Kia and later to communities beyond.
Through eco-tourism the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), park authorities, business and community partners are protecting globally significant populations of endangered species in northern Cambodia. These enterprises also generate enough revenue for local people to change their behavior to more wildlife friendly ways, while also increasing their wealth. Communities manage eco-lodges and employ their members as service providers like guides.
Located in Quang Binh Province on Vietnam’s North Central Coast, Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park (PNKB) was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2003 for its unique geology and geomorphology. The Park also features a high level of biodiversity. The Park is managed by a National Park Management Board (NPMB). The Board is appointed by the Province which finances park operations and management. 65,000 people live in the 13 rural communities in the buffer zone of PNKB and including around 400 ethnic minority people living within the Park borders.