Kachchh is an arid ecosystem with a wealth of biodiversity that has been declared Rare, Endangered and Threatened (RET). This region has historically been a meeting point for cultures, ecosystems, and geological formations, all of which have contributed to its rich biodiversity. This is the only arid ecosystem in the world that is accompanied by a marine mangrove ecosystem along its coast. The Gulf of Kachchh and its creeks and mangroves are the home to some of the rare marine biodiversity of the world, including Dolphin, Sea Cow/Dugong, Green Turtle, Olive Ridley Turtle, etc.
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Jagriti is a community-based organization operating in the hilly state of Himachal Pradesh, India. It works towards women’s empowerment through livelihood development and the promotion of energy-efficient and drudgery-reducing devices. Since 2002, Jagriti has been disseminating a package of energy-efficient devices (including liquefied petroleum gas stoves, pressure cookers and traditional water heaters) in Himachal Pradesh’s Kullu District. This energy programme is implemented through over 100 women’s savings and credit groups at the village and hamlet level.
During the “Urban National Parks in Emerging Countries” (UNPEC) research program, funded by the ANR (the french National Research Agency), the Urban Protected Areas Network have worked in partnership with the national parks and the cities in Rio, Cape Town, Mumbai, Nairobi. We have identified three main types of park’s dynamics:
The Nagoya Protocol contributes to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity by providing a platform for greater legal certainty and transparency for the providers and users of genetic resources. The Protocol supports the effective implementation of one of the Convention on Biological Diversity’s (CBD) three objectives, the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources (ABS).
Manas National Park and UNESCO World Heritage Site is located in Assam province of Northeast India and is world renowned for its outstanding natural beauty and presence of a rich biodiversity that includes several endemic, rare and threatened wild animal species that are found nowhere else in the world. The park also witnessed more than 15 years of armed conflict that led to massive destruction of the Park infrastructure and decimation of wildlife population in recent history.
Conservation of protected areas more than often invite conflicts particularly when resources for protected areas are also sources for livelihood. It becomes difficult for park officials to communicate conservation with local communities.
The Science Express project (http://www.sciencexpress.in), a unique science exhibition, is traveling across India to raise awareness about biodiversity, climate change and science. This 16-coach, air conditioned train is raising biodiversity awareness across India. Since the project’s inception in 2007, the train has traveled over 141,000 kilometers and received 15.6 million visitors. It is the largest, longest running and most visited science exhibition in India.
In the North-East Region (NER) of India, Green Hub trains local youth - rural and urban, to use digital media to tell stories about wildlife, the environment and indigenous knowledge. The project is an innovative, collaborative initiative of the North East Network (NEN) http://www.northeastnetwork.org/,and Dusty Foot Productions (DFP) http://www.dustyfootindia.com/.
Orissa, an east coast state in India, has a 482-kilometer coastline that extends through six districts. The state’s abundant marine resources provide for the livelihoods and wellbeing of local villagers. The coastline is an annual nesting site (arribada) for the endangered Olive Ridley Turtle. Three sites attract mating turtles: Devi Rookery, Rushikulya Rookery and Gahirmatha Marine Sanctuary.
The ‘solution’ addressed the issue of unsustainable extraction of park’s bio-resources by the local communities resulting in adverse park-people relations. Rather than preventing users to rely on bio-resources for their incomes, the ‘solution’ created alternative livelihood strategies and options that centered on the sustainable use practices and in doing so created a meaningful stake of local communities in managing the Park.