Namibia is recognized as a global leader in conservation and nature-based rural development. Its State-run Community-Based Natural Resource Management Program (CBNRM) is a successful example of decentralizing natural resource management and recognizing the rights and development needs of local communities.
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As a small island in the Indian Ocean, Sri Lanka is susceptible to adverse climate change impacts. The 2004 tsunami confirms that low-lying plains in the coastal zone are vulnerable to any future rise in sea level.
It is a well-known fact that indigenous peoples and/or local communities living in and around natural areas are custodians of traditional and working knowledge of the geography and forests where they live. In Sarawak, Malaysia (northwestern Borneo), engaging indigenous communities is an integral part of management and conservation of forests, including in and around protected areas. At least one non-governmental organisation (NGO) in Sarawak is working with these communities to obtain baseline data for management purposes.
Through eco-tourism the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), park authorities, business and community partners are protecting globally significant populations of endangered species in northern Cambodia. These enterprises also generate enough revenue for local people to change their behavior to more wildlife friendly ways, while also increasing their wealth. Communities manage eco-lodges and employ their members as service providers like guides.
Myanmar’s future is directly linked to how it manages its wealth of natural resources. During this period of transition to a democratic government, the future of the country’s biodiversity is central to how it will emerge from years of isolation. The Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry is using the opportunity provided by the CBD’s Aichi Targets to revise its National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP). This process involves engaging with local stakeholders across the country to expand the role of civil society in planning for and managing biodiversity.