Namibia is recognized as a global leader in conservation and nature-based rural development. Its State-run Community-Based Natural Resource Management Program (CBNRM) is a successful example of decentralizing natural resource management and recognizing the rights and development needs of local communities.
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Kachchh is an arid ecosystem with a wealth of biodiversity that has been declared Rare, Endangered and Threatened (RET). This region has historically been a meeting point for cultures, ecosystems, and geological formations, all of which have contributed to its rich biodiversity. This is the only arid ecosystem in the world that is accompanied by a marine mangrove ecosystem along its coast. The Gulf of Kachchh and its creeks and mangroves are the home to some of the rare marine biodiversity of the world, including Dolphin, Sea Cow/Dugong, Green Turtle, Olive Ridley Turtle, etc.
The Nagoya Protocol contributes to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity by providing a platform for greater legal certainty and transparency for the providers and users of genetic resources. The Protocol supports the effective implementation of one of the Convention on Biological Diversity’s (CBD) three objectives, the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources (ABS).
Manas National Park and UNESCO World Heritage Site is located in Assam province of Northeast India and is world renowned for its outstanding natural beauty and presence of a rich biodiversity that includes several endemic, rare and threatened wild animal species that are found nowhere else in the world. The park also witnessed more than 15 years of armed conflict that led to massive destruction of the Park infrastructure and decimation of wildlife population in recent history.
Conservation of protected areas more than often invite conflicts particularly when resources for protected areas are also sources for livelihood. It becomes difficult for park officials to communicate conservation with local communities.
The Science Express project (http://www.sciencexpress.in), a unique science exhibition, is traveling across India to raise awareness about biodiversity, climate change and science. This 16-coach, air conditioned train is raising biodiversity awareness across India. Since the project’s inception in 2007, the train has traveled over 141,000 kilometers and received 15.6 million visitors. It is the largest, longest running and most visited science exhibition in India.
In the North-East Region (NER) of India, Green Hub trains local youth - rural and urban, to use digital media to tell stories about wildlife, the environment and indigenous knowledge. The project is an innovative, collaborative initiative of the North East Network (NEN) http://www.northeastnetwork.org/,and Dusty Foot Productions (DFP) http://www.dustyfootindia.com/.
TRY Oyster Women’s Association empowers a highly marginalized and economically vulnerable segment of Gambian society. The Association is an established group of 500 female oyster harvesters, with organized leadership, from 15 villages in the Greater Banjul area of The Gambia. It is creating positive change and economic transformation in local villages. Rather than struggling individually, as they once did, women harvesters are now part of a flourishing and widely recognized local enterprise.
Earth Skills Network (ESN) is a collaboration between Earthwatch, UNESCO, IUCN & businesses. It connects leaders from the business and conservation sector through mentoring & skill-sharing. Through ESN, Protected Areas (PAs) can access relevant skills within businesses & build constructive dialogue on the need to manage environmental impacts. Through ESN, businesses can identify solutions to pressures on natural resources & nurture sustainable business leadership.
The ‘solution’ addressed the issue of unsustainable extraction of park’s bio-resources by the local communities resulting in adverse park-people relations. Rather than preventing users to rely on bio-resources for their incomes, the ‘solution’ created alternative livelihood strategies and options that centered on the sustainable use practices and in doing so created a meaningful stake of local communities in managing the Park.