Namibia is recognized as a global leader in conservation and nature-based rural development. Its State-run Community-Based Natural Resource Management Program (CBNRM) is a successful example of decentralizing natural resource management and recognizing the rights and development needs of local communities.
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Serbia’s Fifth National Report (5NR) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) highlights the success of Serbia’s Republic Agency for Spatial Planning (SASP) in integrating and harmonizing Serbia’s ecological, economic and social development, based on the principles of sustainability. SASP achieves this goal by informing policy and development decisions through local, regional and national level spatial plans. The success of SASP corroborates the importance of having spatial planning integrated into national development policies and plans.
Since 1989, the community of Falealupo, Government of Samoa and foreign parties have signed three Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS) agreements for the purposes of Research & Development (R&D) and bio-prospecting. The agreements were put in place for the use of traditional knowledge from local healers and the local plant ‘mamala’ for HIV AIDS research.
This best practice highlights the positive incentive measures that the government of China has designed and is implementing to encourage the achievement of biodiversity-friendly outcomes. It also highlights the steps that the government is taking to eliminate perverse incentives and subsidies which are harmful to biodiversity.
To achieve its national biodiversity target on promoting positive incentives, while eliminating negative incentive measures for biodiversity conservation, China has:
Malaysia is a fast growing developing nation and has the aspiration to be a fully developed by 2020 as envisioned in her Vision 2020. Vision 2020 highlights the need for fostering a balanced development that is ecologically sustainable. Malaysia’s natural resource base has always had a significant contribution towards the economy. Even as the structure of the economy has transitioned towards being driven by services and manufacturing sectors the economy is still very much reliant on natural resources. The major contributor besides crude oil and natural gas is palm oil, timber and rubber.