In the last couple of decades, the development of practices and use of tools for managing the interaction of oil and gas developments with the surrounding natural environment have been steadily improving; these are now being incorporated into decision-making processes throughout the oil and gas project lifecycle.
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The Altai Mountains, which straddle China, Kazakhstan, Mongolia and Russia, are a critical area for global conservation. They are a key habitat for endangered species, such as the snow leopard and Argali sheep.
Protected areas sometimes struggle with effective management plans, and tensions may arise between various stakeholders.
At the end of the European summer, two million soaring birds head south towards Africa. Their route, along the Red Sea/Rift Valley flyway, is the second most important flyway for soaring birds in the world. However, just as these areas are essential to the birds’ survival, so too are they vital for human populations, and host a growing concentration of development and energy infrastructure. If power lines and wind turbines are poorly sited along the flyway, the cumulative impacts can add up to threaten entire bird populations.
Growing energy demands, together with the urgent need to transition to renewable energy, have led to plans to put up more than five million kilometres of new power lines across Africa over the next five years. Egypt plans to generate 20% of its energy from renewable sources by 2020. Although well-intentioned, these plans need to be implemented in ways that mitigate risks to migratory soaring birds, which are threatened by collisions with wind turbines and electrocution on power lines.
The ongoing project “Inter-jurisdictional System of Coastal-Marine Protected Areas” (ISCMPA-Argentina) seeks to circumvent the barriers that prevent the establishment of a system of coastal–marine protected areas (ISCMPA) that envisages conservation of biodiversity as a whole for the entire coastal-marine ecosystem of Argentina.
This best practice provides practical guidance on transitioning from marine spatial planning (MSP) into plan implementation in varying ecological, socio and economic contexts.
Ecological infrastructure refers to naturally functioning ecosystems that deliver valuable services to people. Ecological infrastructure is the nature-based equivalent of built infrastructure and is just as important for providing services and underpinning socio-economic development. It’s not only an under-realised asset for cities and their hinterlands, but also one whose potential could be relatively easily unlocked.
As the guidance on biodiversity offset implementation continues to evolve, there is the potential for offsets to benefit existing protected area networks through improving connectivity between sites and across landscapes, promoting biodiversity and ecosystem service representation, contributing to national biodiversity targets and supporting sustainable development objectives.
Established a community-based resource management programme for an isolated fishing community on Kia Island in the Northern Fiji sitting on the Great Sea Reef (GSR) of local, regional and global significance being the third largest reef system in the world. Having perceived the current state of poor management of the marine protected area by the people of Macuata province, Reef Rangers was developed to increase education and awareness on Kia and later to communities beyond.