The Indigenous Tourism Network of Mexico (RITA) - Red Indígena De Turismo De México - (http://www.rita.com.mx/index.html) promotes indigenous community development by raising awareness about biodiversity using a collaborative and participatory approach. The Network mobilizes indigenous communities to overcome economic marginalization by developing sustainable ecotourism projects and natural resource based micro-enterprises.
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- Integrating a financing strategy and Aichi Target aligned action plan,
- Developing a capacity assessment and strategic action plan, and
- Challenges in climate-related biodiversity adaptation and mitigation.
The Northwest Province, which is one of the ten administrative units of Cameroon, has a population of almost two million people. It is located in the western highlands and characterized by high altitudes ranging from 1,000- 1,008 meters above sea level. Unsustainable agricultural land use practices, such as traditional slash and burn, are increasing the destruction of natural resources and resulting in heightened poverty, worsened gender equality and human suffering.
This best practice showcases how Cameroon’s efforts to harmonize biodiversity-related Multilateral Environmental Agreement’s (MEAs) led to the creation of targets in the country’s revised National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plan (NBSAP) that recognize illegal commercial trade of wildlife and plant species as a pressure on biodiversity. The Cameroon NBSAP 2014-2020 calls for several actions that promote synergy and collaboration.
At the end of the European summer, two million soaring birds head south towards Africa. Their route, along the Red Sea/Rift Valley flyway, is the second most important flyway for soaring birds in the world. However, just as these areas are essential to the birds’ survival, so too are they vital for human populations, and host a growing concentration of development and energy infrastructure. If power lines and wind turbines are poorly sited along the flyway, the cumulative impacts can add up to threaten entire bird populations.
Growing energy demands, together with the urgent need to transition to renewable energy, have led to plans to put up more than five million kilometres of new power lines across Africa over the next five years. Egypt plans to generate 20% of its energy from renewable sources by 2020. Although well-intentioned, these plans need to be implemented in ways that mitigate risks to migratory soaring birds, which are threatened by collisions with wind turbines and electrocution on power lines.
In Uganda, the government uses the National Development Plan (NDP) planning framework to achieve medium and long-term development goals in country. All sectors have to mainstream their sectoral plans and programmes into the NDP. The National Biodiversity Strategy and Action (NBSAP) has also been mainstreamed into the NDP, so that it is part of and contributes to the country’s medium and long-term development process in Uganda. Communicating the value of NBSAPS outside of the Ministry of the Environment was critical to the success of the project.
This best practice describes how rural Nigerian communities overcame a lack of communications infrastructure and began using radio to educate smallholder farmers on farming techniques and natural resource management. In Nigeria’s rural agricultural communities, the Smallholders Foundation (http://www.smallholdersfoundation.org) promotes sustainable agriculture and environmental conservation through educational radio programmes.
In 2012, at its eleventh meeting, the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) adopted decision XI/19, which acknowledges the large potential for synergies between REDD+ activities and the implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and its Aichi Biodiversity Targets. The decision urges Parties, other Governments, and relevant organisations to fully implement the relevant provisions and decisions of the CBD and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in a coherent and mutually supportive way.
In 2012, the Seychelles began work on its second NBSAP (“NBSAP 2”). The project was financed by UNDP-GEF and is being executed by Seychelles Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change (MEECC). Three major NBSAP-related studies were undertaken:
Protected areas are one of the most direct, cost-effective way of simultaneously achieving societal goals of conserving biodiversity, tackling development challenges and fostering climate resilience.