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Southern Africa

IIED Briefing: Meeting future demand for drinking water supply in Dar es Salaam: Hydrological modelling of the Ruvu River and assessment of flows

The city of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania requires significant new surface water resources if it is to meet Sustainable Development Goal 6. This study reports on the development of a hydrological model, using existing data, which assesses the impacts of upstream irrigation abstraction on downstream water security for the city. Results indicate that water deficits will likely still occur in dry years even after the construction of an additional storage dam.

The « Emerging Parks » Dynamics: When Parks And Cities Become Partners

During the “Urban National Parks in Emerging Countries” (UNPEC) research program, funded by the ANR (the french National Research Agency), the Urban Protected Areas Network have worked in partnership with the national parks and the cities in Rio, Cape Town, Mumbai, Nairobi. We have identified three main types of park’s dynamics:

Developing Namibia’s Capacity And Concession System To Secure Sustainable Financing For Protected Areaseveloping Namibia's Capacity And Concession System To Secure Sustainable Financing For Protected Areas

The UNDP supported GEF financed project “Strengthening the Protected Area Network” (SPAN; from 2005-2012) used a number of strategies to secure sustainable financing for Namibia’s protected areas (PAs). The project undertook and successfully used a comprehensive economic analysis of the PA system to make the business case for increased investment in PAs. In addition it developed a concession management system compatible with the Government of the Republic of Namibia’s conservation and development objectives, significantly increasing the budget available for park management.

IDDRI Issue Brief, Nov 2016: Innovating to sustain biodiversity conservation in African protected areas: funding and incentives. Insights from 3 countries

This study aims to unpack the potential benefits and risks of innovative financial mechanisms at work in Africa through the analysis of three case studies: an environmental trust fund created to finance the network of protected areas in Côte d’Ivoire; a conservation concession agreement (and thereafter a REDD-related private non-profit company) in the Gola Rainforest in Sierra Leone; and a biodiversity stewardship and tax incentive approach developed in South Africa.


Innovating for Biodiversity Conservation in African Protected Areas: Funding and Incentives Insights from Côte d’Ivoire, Sierra Leone and South Africa

This study aims to unpack the potential benefits and risks of innovative financial mechanisms at work in Africa through the analysis of three case studies: an environmental trust fund created to finance the network of protected areas in Côte d’Ivoire; a conservation concession agreement (and thereafter a REDD-related private non-profit company) in the Gola Rainforest in Sierra Leone; and a biodiversity stewardship and tax incentive approach developed in South Africa.

The State Of Community-Based Natural Resource Management in Southern Africa: Assessing Progress and Looking Ahead

The South African Institute of International Affairs provides a historical overview of CBNRM in this paper, and examines CBNRM’s degrees of success in addressing rural livelihood improvement through benefit sharing and income generation, while addressing biodiversity conservation and sustainable resource use. It considers the evolution of CBNRM policy, and highlights some of the lessons learnt from the cases of Namibia and Botswana in strengthening community-based decision making and management.

Mainstreaming Biodiversity And Wetland Rehabilitation Into The South African Wine Industry

South Africa’s Cape Floral Region (CFR) is one of the world’s great centres of terrestrial biodiversity. It is home to nearly 20% of Africa’s flora, while covering less than 0.5% of the continent’s area. The wetlands in this sensitive area face particular threats, including from development and agriculture, as the region is also home to farms growing around 95% of South Africa’s wine. On-farm conservation measures are therefore vital to protect the outstanding diversity, density and endemism of the biodiversity of the CFR.

Assessing Data for the Sustainable Development Goals in Tanzania

The report of a Tanzania case study of the Post-2015 Data Test highlights that there are various initiatives at the national level that support the data revolution and information. Also, there are issues of capacity building among official and non-official data producers, and financial sustainability.

Kilama, B., George, C., Katera, L. & Rutatina, N. 2016. Assessing Data for the Sustainable Development Goals in Tanzania. CPD, NPSIA & Southern Voice on Post-MDG International Development Goals, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

Estimating tourism’s contribution to conservation area financing in Mozambique

Financial sustainability of conservation areas is one of the cornerstones for enabling effective conservation management. However, the current status of conservation area funding is widely detached from the need, and this disparity is intensified in developing countries. Therefore, identifying and valuing the revenue streams and finance needs of conservation areas is an important step in the process to become financial sustainable. This paper assesses the revenue potential of conservation areas in Mozambique national parks and reserves.

Impacts of Community Forest Management on Human EconomicWell-Being across Madagascar

Community Forest Management (CFM) devolves forest management to local communities to achieve conservation and human well-being goals. Yet, the evidence for CFM’s impacts is mixed and difficult to interpret because of inadequate attention to rival explanations for the observed empirical patterns. In a national-scale analysis in Madagascar that carefully considers these rival explanations, we estimate CFM impacts on household living standards, as measured by per capita consumption expenditures. The estimated impact is positive, but small and not statistically different from zero.

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