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Journal Article

Are We Counting On Nature? An Analysis of Spatial Data in Post-2010 NBSAPs and 5th National Reports

This informal, unpublished article analyzes the state of spatial data included within 109 post-2010 NBSAPs from ODA-eligible countries, and 145 5th National Reports to the Convention on Biological Diversity. The data show a number of trends and data gaps, and the authors provide a set of conclusions for the kinds of data layers that would be required if decision makers are to manage biodiversity and ecosystems to achieve the Aichi Biodiversity Targets and the Sustainable Development Goals.

Incorporating climate change into systematic conservation planning

The principles of systematic conservation planning are now widely used by governments and non-government organizations alike to develop biodiversity conservation plans for countries, states, regions, and ecoregions. Many of the species and ecosystems these plans were designed to conserve are now being affected by climate change, and there is a critical need to incorporate new and complementary approaches into these plans that will aid species and ecosystems in adjusting to potential climate change impacts.

Systematic conservation planning

The realization of conservation goals requires strategies for managing whole landscapes including areas
allocated to both production and protection. Reserves alone are not adequate for nature conservation but they
are the cornerstone on which regional strategies are built. Reserves have two main roles. They should sample
or represent the biodiversity of each region and they should separate this biodiversity from processes that
threaten its persistence. Existing reserve systems throughout the world contain a biased sample of

Greenhouse gas emissions from tropical forest degradation: An underestimated source

Scientists from Winrock International have published the first consistent and complete analysis of emissions from forest degradation across the tropics. Their assessment, published in the journal Carbon Balance and Management, shows that in 74 tropical countries the amount of carbon released as a result of forest degradation exceeds all expectations. Emissions from degradation are equivalent to 4.3 percent of total global emissions and are almost five times greater than the emissions from global aviation.

IIED Briefing: A sustainable future for fisheries: how fiscal policy can be used to achieve SDG 14

Last year, governments adopted Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) aimed at ushering in a new era of sustainable development where ‘no one is left behind.’ They include a specific goal — SDG 14 — to conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources. While policymakers can use a number of legal, regulatory and economic tools to do so, there should be more focus on harnessing fiscal instruments such as taxes, subsidies and conditional transfers to provide the necessary incentives.

IDLO's Framing Paper: Connecting the dots across the SDGs: Environment, Justice and People

This framing paper aims to generate debate on:

 What connections and synergies can help achieve interlinked goals across respective agendas?
 What is SDG 16 and how can it contribute to achieving the environmental sustainability goals under the 2030 Agenda?
 What are elements of a “law and justice” approach to achieving environmental sustainability under the SDGs?
 What kind of actions and partnerships can catalyse commitments to use “law and justice” approaches to implement the 2030 Agenda?

Article on Enhancing cooperation and synergies among the biodiversity related conventions: The Options

Biodiversity conservation and sustainable use has captured the attention of the international community since several decades ago. In recognition of the urgent need for action in support of biodiversity, countries have negotiated and agreed to be bound by a number of biodiversity-related conventions and other multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs). Each of the biodiversity-related conventions, working in isolation in the past, have put in place actions at the national, regional and international level in order to reach shared goals of conservation and sustainable use.

Han et al. 2016. Monitoring national conservation progress with indicators derived from global and national datasets. Biological Conservation (2016)

Developing indicators for monitoring biodiversity, as called for by the Convention on Biological Diversity and 2020 Aichi Targets, is challenging in many countries due to data and capacity gaps. One proposed solution is to disaggregate global datasets to generate national-level indicators for countries where these values do not exist, but to date there are few examples where this approach has been systematically applied and its efficacy investigated.

Access and Benefit Sharing as an Innovative Financing Mechanism

One of the significant roadblocks in negotiations and implementation of multilateral environment agreements (MEAs) is that of resource mobilisation. During the eleventh Conference of Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD-COP 11) held in 2012, Parties to the CBD agreed to develop a roadmap for raising adequate and predictable finances
for realising the Strategic Plan of the CBD. By 2015, Parties need to develop resource mobilisation frameworks with a focus on realising finances using innovative approaches and models. A series of consultations, expert studies are

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