Despite the enactment of scores of wildlife protection laws, illegal activities are difficult to detect under current enforcement policies. Both the Lacey Act and the Endangered Species Act include language providing monetary incentives to persons who disclose information about wildlife crimes, but these provisions have not been effectively implemented. Given the years of delay in implementing them, Congress should step in once again to ensure that its original intent is effectuated, either through oversight of the responsible federal agencies or legislation.
Integration of multiple technologies greatly increases the spatial and temporal scales over which ecological patterns and processes can be studied, and threats to protected ecosystems can be identified and mitigated. A range of technology options relevant to ecologists and conservation practitioners are described, including ways they can be linked to increase the dimensionality of data collection efforts. Remote sensing, ground-based, and data fusion technologies are broadly discussed in the context of ecological research and conservation efforts.
A journal editorial presenting a simple way of rating relationships between the targets to highlight priorities for integrated policy. A more detailed version is in Nilsson et al. 2016. (above).
Nilsson, M., Griggs, D. & Visbeck, M. 2016. Map the interactions between Sustainable Development Goals. Nature 534: 320-322.
Livelihood resilience draws attention to the factors and processes that keep livelihoods functioning
despite change and thus enriches the livelihood approach which puts people, their differential
capabilities to cope with shocks and how to reduce poverty and improve adaptive capacity at the centre
of analysis. However, the few studies addressing resilience from a livelihood perspective take different
approaches and focus only on some dimensions of livelihoods. This paper presents a framework that can
Climate change poses serious threats to many coastal and marine systems, including those being managed as protected areas. Yet people responsible for the management of coastal and marine protected areas (CMPAs) do not have to wait and see their sites deteriorate, but can take active steps to minimise the detrimental impacts of climate change. Because many coastal areas are heavily settled by human communities, such actions need to be taken in close cooperation with people living inside or near to the CMPA, which often include fishing communities and tourism operators.
This volume gathers the thoughts of reputed academics in economics, social policy, philosophy, and the social sciences as they scrutinize contentions regarding quality of life and the way in which it is, it can be, and ought to be measured. Such debates roughly boil down to the merits and shortcomings of measuring the quality of human life in terms of utility, as well as to the advantages and pitfalls of alternatives to the utilitarian approach.
A review of the report of The Rockefeller Foundation–Lancet Commission on Planetary Health that explores an array of complex, interlinked elements of concern, from environmental tipping points to the impacts of invasive species and the importance of protected areas. It highlights that advancing social, economic, and environmental goals together is at the heart of the SDGs and UNDP’s work.
Clark, H. 2015. Governance for planetary health and sustainable development. The Lancet
An article considering the dangers of pursing a growth-first strategy for urbanization, and examines how more inclusive urbanization can be achieved and how it relates to the SDGs. It draws on examples from emerging economies.
McGranahan, G., Schensul, D. & Singh, G. 2016. Inclusive urbanization: Can the 2030 Agenda be delivered without it? Environment and Urbanization
A report of an analysis concluding that SDG implementation in the Netherlands can build on existing national policy targets, policy programmes and monitoring reports, but that certain adjustments will be required.
Lucas, P., Ludwig, K., Kok, M. & Kruitwagen, S. 2016. Sustainable Development Goals in the Netherlands: Building blocks for environmental policy for 2030. Policy Study. PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, The Hague, The Netherlands.
A paper aiming to shine a light on the dilemmas and challenges facing standards setters and to suggest approaches and methodologies that can improve the comparability and interoperability of data.
Lisowska, B. 2016. The Sustainable Development Goals: joining-up new standards in a disconnected world. Discussion Paper No. 1. Development Initiatives, Bristol, UK.