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Journal Article

Evaluation: A crucial ingredient for SDG success

A briefing paper on country-led evaluations that examine policy and programme implementation and effectiveness, and build well-reasoned and supported cases for claims of progress on the SDGs. It suggests that evaluation must go beyond indicator-based measurement.

International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED). 2016. Evaluation: a crucial ingredient for SDG success. Briefing. IIED, London, UK.

Bridging development goals and climate action

An article on how achieving both the SDGs and Paris climate framework will require a profound transformation of national economies. It will also need a new mindset that does not consider the attainment of one to be at the expense of the other.

Horn-Phathanothai, L. 2016. Bridging development goals and climate action. Partners In Action: 80-84

Leave no one behind: The real bottom billion

A report suggesting that governments will not meet the SDGs unless they tackle the specific obstacles faced by marginalised groups, including addressing discriminatory attitudes and the need for international pressure to bring about normative change.

Bhatkal, T., Samman, E. & Stuart, E. 2015. Leave no one behind: The real bottom billion. Overseas Development Institute, London, UK.

Multidimensional Poverty in Africa

A report of the 2016 global Multidimensional Poverty Index for 46 African countries, showing, inter alia, over half (54%) of people in the African countries analysed suffer from multidimensional poverty and 30 countries have reduced poverty significantly. Rwanda had stellar performance.

Alkire, S., Jindra, C., Robles, G. and Vaz, A. 2016. Multidimensional Poverty in Africa. Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative (OPHI), University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Justice and conservation: The need to incorporate recognition

In light of the Aichi target to manage protected areas equitably by 2020, the authors ask how the conservation sector should be incorporating concerns for social justice. Authors focus in particular on ‘recognition’, because it is the least well understood aspect of environmental justice, and yet highly relevant to conservation because of its concern with respect for local knowledge and cultures. In order to explore the meaning of recognition in the conservation context, the authors take four main steps.

Estimating tourism’s contribution to conservation area financing in Mozambique

Financial sustainability of conservation areas is one of the cornerstones for enabling effective conservation management. However, the current status of conservation area funding is widely detached from the need, and this disparity is intensified in developing countries. Therefore, identifying and valuing the revenue streams and finance needs of conservation areas is an important step in the process to become financial sustainable. This paper assesses the revenue potential of conservation areas in Mozambique national parks and reserves.

Social Outcomes of Community-based Rangeland Management in Mongolian Steppe Ecosystems

Community-based rangeland management (CBRM) has been promoted as a promising option for achieving both rangeland conservation and community well-being. However, research on its effectiveness is limited, and the reported outcomes are mixed, especially with regard to socio-economic outcomes. The authors for this research paper measured social outcomes of CBRM in Mongolia by comparing 77 formally organized pastoral groups with 65 traditional herder neighbourhoods across four ecological zones.

Conservation of indigenous plants to support community livelihoods: the MGU – Useful Plants Project

Through the MGU – Useful Plants Project (2007–2015) led by the Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, high-quality seed collections and research information have been gathered on useful indigenous plants selected by communities in Botswana, Kenya, Mali, South Africa, and Mexico. Local communities were trained in seed conservation, plant propagation, and planting activities, while revenue generation was promoted directly through the sustainable use of plants and plant products and indirectly through wider environmental and cultural services.

Impacts of Community Forest Management on Human EconomicWell-Being across Madagascar

Community Forest Management (CFM) devolves forest management to local communities to achieve conservation and human well-being goals. Yet, the evidence for CFM’s impacts is mixed and difficult to interpret because of inadequate attention to rival explanations for the observed empirical patterns. In a national-scale analysis in Madagascar that carefully considers these rival explanations, we estimate CFM impacts on household living standards, as measured by per capita consumption expenditures. The estimated impact is positive, but small and not statistically different from zero.

The Role of Young Entrepreneurs in the Transformation of Agriculture and Food Systems in Zimbabwe

This article describes the role of young entrepreneurs in the transformation of agriculture and food systems in Zimbabwe. The role was in response to Innovation Baraza, a novel initiative by Udugu Institute, and an emerging platform for entrepreneurs in Africa. Our featured idea recognized the need to focus on agriculture and food systems as well as energy access in order to redress poverty and hunger problems in Zimbabwe. Food security and energy access were the core components in the idea, which is premised on establishing linkages between agricultural and industrial development.

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